Subsidiary Performance in Emerging Economies and Developing Countries: Influence of Host Country Experience

Henrik Gundelach*, Michael W. Hansen, Bo Bernhard Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

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Within International Business (IB) theory, experience is a key concept in explaining the performance of Multinational Corporations’ (MNCs’) subsidiaries in challenging business environments. It is argued that experience can help MNCs overcome difficulties of challenging business environments. Experience can be sourced internally within the parent firms or externally through local JV partners or through joint ventures with a home country based development finance institution (DFI). This paper investigates the effect of these forms of experience on subsidiary performance. A quantitative analysis of 157 subsidiaries in 39 countries shows that parent firm’s host country experience has a direct effect on subsidiary performance and that the leveraged effect of the DFIs’ host country experience adversely moderates the effects of the host country’s business environment. These findings imply that in highly challenging business environments, it is important to complement the internal experience with external experience.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventAcademy for International Business: Africa Conference 2019 - Fiesta Royale Hotel, Accra, Ghana
Duration: 4 Aug 20197 Aug 2019


ConferenceAcademy for International Business
LocationFiesta Royale Hotel
Internet address


  • Developing countries
  • Emerging economies
  • Institutional distance
  • Experience
  • Joint venture
  • Development financial institutions
  • Subsidiary performance

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