Subjective Bond Returns and Belief Aggregation

Andrea Buraschi, Ilaria Piatti, Paul Whelan*

*Corresponding author for this work

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This paper proposes an aggregation scheme of subjective bond return expectations based on the historical accuracy of professional interest rate forecasters. We use disaggregated survey data on bond returns and document large disagreement in the cross-sectional distribution and persistence in forecast accuracy. Our aggregate subjective belief proxy outperforms equal weighting schemes, and its dynamics are significantly different from statistical forecasting models. With this measure in hand, we study the relationship between quantities of risk and subjective expectations of excess returns and demonstrate a strong link between the two, even if such a relationship is difficult to detect using realized returns.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReview of Financial Studies
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)3710-3741
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Published online: 20 October 2021.


  • Prices
  • Business Fluctuations
  • Cycles
  • Money and Interest Rates
  • Asset Pricing
  • Trading volume
  • Bond Interest Rates
  • Financial Forecasting and Simulation
  • Behavioral Finance

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