Structural Ambidexterity through Bimodal IT: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

Kristina Kusanke, Till J. Winkler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Bimodality of the information technology (IT) function is one answer to the changed expectations towards and perceptions of IT’s role within an organization. Bimodal IT aims at leveraging ambidextrous capabilities, allowing to engage in explorative and exploitative activities at the same time. Research interest of this phenomenon is growing, but there is a lack of cumulative knowledge on bimodal IT including research on the related concepts of structural ambidexterity and IT ambidexterity. Through a systematic literature review of 42 papers published in a wide range of academic outlets, we identify and describe four research themes which are summarized in a conceptual model of forms of bimodal IT, antecedents, facilitators and barriers, and outcomes. Furthermore, we discuss the critique the phenomenon is facing in practice and propose a research agenda. The study contributes to both research and practice by synthesizing existing knowledge and providing guidance for further research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI)
EditorsSven Laumer, Martin Matzner
Number of pages17
Place of PublicationAtlanta, GA
PublisherAssociation for Information Systems. AIS Electronic Library (AISeL)
Publication date2022
Article number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event17th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik. WI 2022 - Online, Nuremberg, Germany
Duration: 21 Feb 202223 Feb 2022
Conference number: 17


Conference17th International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik. WI 2022
Internet address


  • Biomodal IT
  • Structural ambidexterity
  • IT organization
  • Literature review

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