Strategic Asset Seeking by EMNEs: A Matter of Liabilities of Foreignness – or Outsidership?

Bent Petersen, Rene E. Seifert, Jr.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


    Purpose: The chapter provides an economic explanation and perspectivation of strategic asset seeking of multinational enterprises from emerging economies (EMNEs) as a prominent feature of today’s global economy.
    Approach: The authors apply and extend the “springboard perspective.” This perspective submits that EMNEs acquire strategic assets in developed markets primarily for use in their home markets.
    Findings: The authors succumb that the springboard perspective is alluring theoretically as well as empirically as it suggests that when EMNEs acquire strategic assets, they experience liabilities of foreignness (LOF) that are low relative to those of MNEs from developed markets. The authors concede to this LOF asymmetry but also point out that liabilities of outsidership (LOO) can offset or weaken the home-market advantage of some EMNEs when competing with MNEs.
    Research implications: LOO appears as the more relevant concept to use when explaining strategic asset seeking of EMNEs. A set of propositions are formulated to guide empirical testing.
    Originality/value: The insights gained from using the springboard perspective and the LOO concept are non-trivial: They basically predict future dominance of ‘insider’ EMNEs at the expense of MNEs from developed markets.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMultinational Enterprises, Markets and Institutional Diversity
    EditorsSarianna Lundan, Alain Verbeke, Rob Van Tulder
    Place of PublicationBingham
    PublisherEmerald Group Publishing
    Publication date2014
    ISBN (Print)9781784414221
    ISBN (Electronic)9781784414214
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    SeriesProgress in International Business Research


    • Conceptual paper
    • EMNEs
    • Strategic assets
    • Liabilities of outsidership

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