Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The origin of reason through an outline of the genealogy of language in the light of homonymity, analogy, and metaphor.
In this chapter, I try to show that reason as a cognitive capacity primarily functions through the use of homonyms. The argument is based on the fact that experience is created through the chiastic interrelation between world and body-mind as it is documented by the historical precedence of the verb in relation to the substantive. This creative modus operandi invests the mind with a catalogue of virtual aspects of sense incorporated in the word complex which represents them centered in the root. Thus, a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root like “*ghabh-” contains the double sense of “to hold,” which is either to take, and grasp, or to give and yield. This metaphorical core sense—probably inferred from the hand, since gabhasti means “hand” or “forearm” in Sanskrit —produces other aspects of sense like “begivenhed” in Danish, meaning “event,” and also “habit,” the way to “have,” or to accommodate oneself to the occurrences in life. What I claim is that reason is the capacity to understand and hence by meta-reflection to choose deliberately between such senses, in particular relating to their value basis, because reason also is involved as their principle of origin—qua practical reason—through which this metaphorical richness was originally coined. These principles of construction and deconstruction may also be applied to the analysis of reason itself since it also has a homonymic basis in the metaphors of air and light.
The origin of reason through an outline of the genealogy of language in the light of homonymity, analogy, and metaphor.
In this chapter, I try to show that reason as a cognitive capacity primarily functions through the use of homonyms. The argument is based on the fact that experience is created through the chiastic interrelation between world and body-mind as it is documented by the historical precedence of the verb in relation to the substantive. This creative modus operandi invests the mind with a catalogue of virtual aspects of sense incorporated in the word complex which represents them centered in the root. Thus, a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root like “*ghabh-” contains the double sense of “to hold,” which is either to take, and grasp, or to give and yield. This metaphorical core sense—probably inferred from the hand, since gabhasti means “hand” or “forearm” in Sanskrit —produces other aspects of sense like “begivenhed” in Danish, meaning “event,” and also “habit,” the way to “have,” or to accommodate oneself to the occurrences in life. What I claim is that reason is the capacity to understand and hence by meta-reflection to choose deliberately between such senses, in particular relating to their value basis, because reason also is involved as their principle of origin—qua practical reason—through which this metaphorical richness was originally coined. These principles of construction and deconstruction may also be applied to the analysis of reason itself since it also has a homonymic basis in the metaphors of air and light.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society
EditorsAlessandro Capone, Jacob L. Mey
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Date2016
Pages677-700
ISBN (Print)9783319126159
ISBN (Electronic)9783319126166
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
SeriesPerspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology
Volume4
ISSN2214-3807

Bibliographical note

CBS Library does not have access to the material

Keywords

    Cite this

    Kirkeby, O. F. (2016). Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor. In A. Capone, & J. L. Mey (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society (pp. 677-700). Heidelberg: Springer Science+Business Media. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology , Vol.. 4, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12616-6_27
    Kirkeby, Ole Fogh. / Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor. Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society. editor / Alessandro Capone ; Jacob L. Mey. Heidelberg : Springer Science+Business Media, 2016. pp. 677-700 (Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology , ???volume??? 4).
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    abstract = "The origin of reason through an outline of the genealogy of language in the light of homonymity, analogy, and metaphor.In this chapter, I try to show that reason as a cognitive capacity primarily functions through the use of homonyms. The argument is based on the fact that experience is created through the chiastic interrelation between world and body-mind as it is documented by the historical precedence of the verb in relation to the substantive. This creative modus operandi invests the mind with a catalogue of virtual aspects of sense incorporated in the word complex which represents them centered in the root. Thus, a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root like “*ghabh-” contains the double sense of “to hold,” which is either to take, and grasp, or to give and yield. This metaphorical core sense—probably inferred from the hand, since gabhasti means “hand” or “forearm” in Sanskrit —produces other aspects of sense like “begivenhed” in Danish, meaning “event,” and also “habit,” the way to “have,” or to accommodate oneself to the occurrences in life. What I claim is that reason is the capacity to understand and hence by meta-reflection to choose deliberately between such senses, in particular relating to their value basis, because reason also is involved as their principle of origin—qua practical reason—through which this metaphorical richness was originally coined. These principles of construction and deconstruction may also be applied to the analysis of reason itself since it also has a homonymic basis in the metaphors of air and light.",
    keywords = "Homonymity, Analogy, Metaphor, Societal pragmatics",
    author = "Kirkeby, {Ole Fogh}",
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    Kirkeby, OF 2016, Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor. in A Capone & JL Mey (eds), Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society. Springer Science+Business Media, Heidelberg, Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology , vol. 4, pp. 677-700. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12616-6_27

    Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor. / Kirkeby, Ole Fogh.

    Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society. ed. / Alessandro Capone; Jacob L. Mey. Heidelberg : Springer Science+Business Media, 2016. p. 677-700.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

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    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - The origin of reason through an outline of the genealogy of language in the light of homonymity, analogy, and metaphor.In this chapter, I try to show that reason as a cognitive capacity primarily functions through the use of homonyms. The argument is based on the fact that experience is created through the chiastic interrelation between world and body-mind as it is documented by the historical precedence of the verb in relation to the substantive. This creative modus operandi invests the mind with a catalogue of virtual aspects of sense incorporated in the word complex which represents them centered in the root. Thus, a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root like “*ghabh-” contains the double sense of “to hold,” which is either to take, and grasp, or to give and yield. This metaphorical core sense—probably inferred from the hand, since gabhasti means “hand” or “forearm” in Sanskrit —produces other aspects of sense like “begivenhed” in Danish, meaning “event,” and also “habit,” the way to “have,” or to accommodate oneself to the occurrences in life. What I claim is that reason is the capacity to understand and hence by meta-reflection to choose deliberately between such senses, in particular relating to their value basis, because reason also is involved as their principle of origin—qua practical reason—through which this metaphorical richness was originally coined. These principles of construction and deconstruction may also be applied to the analysis of reason itself since it also has a homonymic basis in the metaphors of air and light.

    AB - The origin of reason through an outline of the genealogy of language in the light of homonymity, analogy, and metaphor.In this chapter, I try to show that reason as a cognitive capacity primarily functions through the use of homonyms. The argument is based on the fact that experience is created through the chiastic interrelation between world and body-mind as it is documented by the historical precedence of the verb in relation to the substantive. This creative modus operandi invests the mind with a catalogue of virtual aspects of sense incorporated in the word complex which represents them centered in the root. Thus, a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) root like “*ghabh-” contains the double sense of “to hold,” which is either to take, and grasp, or to give and yield. This metaphorical core sense—probably inferred from the hand, since gabhasti means “hand” or “forearm” in Sanskrit —produces other aspects of sense like “begivenhed” in Danish, meaning “event,” and also “habit,” the way to “have,” or to accommodate oneself to the occurrences in life. What I claim is that reason is the capacity to understand and hence by meta-reflection to choose deliberately between such senses, in particular relating to their value basis, because reason also is involved as their principle of origin—qua practical reason—through which this metaphorical richness was originally coined. These principles of construction and deconstruction may also be applied to the analysis of reason itself since it also has a homonymic basis in the metaphors of air and light.

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    Kirkeby OF. Some Reflections on the Origin of Reason Through an Outline of the Genealogy of Language in the Light of Homonymity, Analogy, and Metaphor. In Capone A, Mey JL, editors, Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society. Heidelberg: Springer Science+Business Media. 2016. p. 677-700. (Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology , Vol. 4). Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12616-6_27