Social Ties for Labor Market Access: Lessons from the Migration of East German Inventors

Matthias Dorner, Dietmar Harhoff, Tina Hinz, Karin Hoisl, Stefan Bender

    Research output: Working paperResearch

    Abstract

    We study the impact of social ties on the migration of inventors from East to West Germany, using the fall of the Iron Curtain and German reunification as a natural experiment. We identify East German inventors via their patenting track records prior to 1990 and their social security records in the German labor market after reunification. Modeling inventor migration to West German regions after 1990, we find that Western regions with stronger historically determined social ties across the former East-West border attracted more inventors after the fall of the Iron Curtain than regions without such ties. However, mobility decisions made by inventors with outstanding patenting track records (star inventors) were not impacted by social ties. We conclude that social ties support labor market access for migrant inventors and determine regional choices while dependence on these ties is substantially reduced for star performers.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherCentre for Economic Policy Research
    Number of pages52
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    SeriesCentre for Economic Policy Research. Discussion Papers
    NumberDP11601
    ISSN0265-8003

    Keywords

    • East Germany
    • Inventors
    • Migration
    • Networks
    • Social ties
    • Transition

    Cite this

    Dorner, M., Harhoff, D., Hinz, T., Hoisl, K., & Bender, S. (2016). Social Ties for Labor Market Access: Lessons from the Migration of East German Inventors. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research. Centre for Economic Policy Research. Discussion Papers, No. DP11601