Resilience Decoded: The Role of Firms, Global Value Chains, and the State in COVID-19 Medical Supplies

Gary Gereffi, Pavida Pananond, Torben Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article examines the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on resilience. Resilience is not a one-dimensional concept but has different meanings at the levels of the firm (operational efficiency), the global value chain (appropriate governance), and the nation-state (national security). It illustrates resilience dynamics through lessons from case studies of four medical supply products—rubber gloves, face masks, ventilators, and vaccines. It explores how each adjusted to disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and presents key strategies that can guide managers and policymakers in building resilience for future supply chain disruptions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCalifornia Management Review
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)46-70
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Globalization
  • Value chains
  • Global supply chain
  • Collaboration
  • Globalization effects
  • COVID-19

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