Reproductive Rights and the Career Plans of U.S. College Freshmen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper studies the heterogeneous effects of the birth control pill and abortion rights on young people's career plans. In particular, these effects are allowed to vary by sex, race, religion, and, importantly, by level of academic ability. Using annual surveys of over two million college freshmen from 1968 to 1976, I find that the pill mainly affected high ability women, by shifting their plans toward occupations with higher wages and higher male ratios. Abortion rights, in contrast, were mainly shown to affect women in the low ability group, with their plans shifting toward careers associated with lower income and lower prestige scores. My findings also suggest that the career plans of black males were positively affected by both increased access to the pill and abortions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLabour Economics
Volume43
Pages (from-to)29-41
ISSN0927-5371
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Birth control pill
  • Contraception
  • Abortion
  • Career plans
  • Gender
  • Ability

Cite this

@article{645cec6894074f74a912e4218165514f,
title = "Reproductive Rights and the Career Plans of U.S. College Freshmen",
abstract = "This paper studies the heterogeneous effects of the birth control pill and abortion rights on young people's career plans. In particular, these effects are allowed to vary by sex, race, religion, and, importantly, by level of academic ability. Using annual surveys of over two million college freshmen from 1968 to 1976, I find that the pill mainly affected high ability women, by shifting their plans toward occupations with higher wages and higher male ratios. Abortion rights, in contrast, were mainly shown to affect women in the low ability group, with their plans shifting toward careers associated with lower income and lower prestige scores. My findings also suggest that the career plans of black males were positively affected by both increased access to the pill and abortions.",
keywords = "Birth control pill, Contraception, Abortion, Career plans, Gender, Ability, Birth control pill, Contraception, Abortion, Career plans, Gender, Ability",
author = "Herdis Steingrimsdottir",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.labeco.2016.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "29--41",
journal = "Labour Economics",
issn = "0927-5371",
publisher = "Elsevier BV North-Holland",

}

Reproductive Rights and the Career Plans of U.S. College Freshmen. / Steingrimsdottir, Herdis.

In: Labour Economics, Vol. 43, 12.2016, p. 29-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reproductive Rights and the Career Plans of U.S. College Freshmen

AU - Steingrimsdottir, Herdis

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - This paper studies the heterogeneous effects of the birth control pill and abortion rights on young people's career plans. In particular, these effects are allowed to vary by sex, race, religion, and, importantly, by level of academic ability. Using annual surveys of over two million college freshmen from 1968 to 1976, I find that the pill mainly affected high ability women, by shifting their plans toward occupations with higher wages and higher male ratios. Abortion rights, in contrast, were mainly shown to affect women in the low ability group, with their plans shifting toward careers associated with lower income and lower prestige scores. My findings also suggest that the career plans of black males were positively affected by both increased access to the pill and abortions.

AB - This paper studies the heterogeneous effects of the birth control pill and abortion rights on young people's career plans. In particular, these effects are allowed to vary by sex, race, religion, and, importantly, by level of academic ability. Using annual surveys of over two million college freshmen from 1968 to 1976, I find that the pill mainly affected high ability women, by shifting their plans toward occupations with higher wages and higher male ratios. Abortion rights, in contrast, were mainly shown to affect women in the low ability group, with their plans shifting toward careers associated with lower income and lower prestige scores. My findings also suggest that the career plans of black males were positively affected by both increased access to the pill and abortions.

KW - Birth control pill

KW - Contraception

KW - Abortion

KW - Career plans

KW - Gender

KW - Ability

KW - Birth control pill

KW - Contraception

KW - Abortion

KW - Career plans

KW - Gender

KW - Ability

UR - https://sfx-45cbs.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/45cbs?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&url_ctx_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info:sid/sfxit.com:azlist&sfx.ignore_date_threshold=1&rft.object_id=954926242484&rft.object_portfolio_id=&svc.holdings=yes&svc.fulltext=yes

U2 - 10.1016/j.labeco.2016.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.labeco.2016.07.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 29

EP - 41

JO - Labour Economics

JF - Labour Economics

SN - 0927-5371

ER -