Real-time Pricing in Power Markets: Who Gains?

Anette Boom*, Sebastian Schwenen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearch


We examine welfare effects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with final consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the Bertrand case, welfare is the same with all or no consumers on smart meters.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2018
Number of pages39
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventVII International Academic Symposium: Smart Energy Systems from a New Energy Policy Approach - Parc Científic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 5 Feb 20195 Feb 2019
Conference number: 7


ConferenceVII International Academic Symposium
LocationParc Científic de Barcelona
Internet address


  • Electricity
  • Real-time pricing
  • Market power
  • Efficiency

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