Real-time Pricing in Power Markets: Who Gains?

Anette Boom, Sebastian Schwenen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review


We examine welfare eects of real-time pricing in electricity markets. Before stochastic energy demand is known, competitive retailers contract with nal consumers who exogenously do not have real-time meters. After demand is realized, two electricity generators compete in a uniform price auction to satisfy demand from retailers acting on behalf of subscribed customers and from consumers with real-time meters. Increasing the number of consumers on real-time pricing does not always increase welfare since risk-averse consumers dislike uncertain and high prices arising through market power. In the Bertrand
case, welfare is the same with all or no consumers on smart meters.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2011
Number of pages38
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventEuropean Economic Association & Econometric Society : 2012 Parallel Meetings - University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain
Duration: 27 Aug 201231 Aug 2012


ConferenceEuropean Economic Association & Econometric Society
LocationUniversity of Málaga
Internet address

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