In the U.S. the average black worker has a lower employment rate and earns a lower wage compared to his white counterpart. Lang and Lehmann (2012) argue that black-white wage and employment gaps are smaller for high-skill workers. We show that a model combining employer taste-based discrimination, search frictions and skill complementarities can replicate these regularities, and estimate it using data from the U.S. manufacturing sector. We find that discrimination is quantitatively important to understand differences in wages and job finding rates across workers with low education levels, whereas skill differences are the main driver of those differences among workers with high education levels.
Bibliographical notePublished online: 28. September 2017
- Employment and wage gaps
- Job search
Borowczyk-Martins, D., Bradley, J., & Tarasonis, L. (2017). Racial Discrimination in the U.S. Labor Market: Employment and Wage Differentials by Skill. Labour Economics, 49, 106-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2017.09.007, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2018.02.010