Pulse Oximetry Is an Essential Tool that Saves Lives: A Call for Standardisation

Catia Cilloniz*, Anita Simonds, Kjeld S. Hansen, Josep Alouch, Heather Zar, Yoichi Nakanishi, Stephanie Levine, Mark Cohen, Charles Dela Cruz, Scott E. Evans, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Jordi Vila, Jesús Díez Manglano, Ricard Ferrer, Lucio Criado, José Polo García, Zaira Correcher, Diana Rodriguez-Hurtado, Carmen Terrazas, Carmen Muñoz-AlmagroCarolina Garcia-Vidal, Zeina Aoun, Israel Amirav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Pneumonia is a leading global cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly amongst adults aged >70 years and children. Annual deaths due to pneumonia in these groups was estimated at more than one million and 672 000 worldwide for both groups, respectively, in 2019 [1]. The importance of pneumonia is highlighted by impact of the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on vulnerable populations. Yet, despite the high impact of pneumonia worldwide, diagnosing pneumonia, especially in children in low- and middle-income countries, remains a big challenge. Frequent clinical signs of pneumonia (cough and difficult or rapid breathing) are non-specific and can overlap with other prevalent diseases in these settings, such as malaria. Equally important, data provided by the World Health Organization (WHO) revealed that 40% of children with pneumonia symptoms in the 40 countries reporting 90% of child pneumonia deaths never receive medical care for their pneumonia [2]. Furthermore, overdiagnosis of bacterial pneumonia and unnecessary administration of antibiotics poses an extra challenge, particularly in countries with limited resources for diagnostic procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number200815
JournalThe European Respiratory Journal
Volume57
Issue number6
Number of pages3
ISSN0903-1936
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

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