We commend Menninghaus et al. for tackling the role of negative emotions in art reception. However, their model suffers from shortcomings that reduce its applicability to empirical studies of the arts: poor use of evidence, lack of integration with other models, and limited derivation of testable hypotheses. We argue that theories about art experiences should be based on empirical evidence.
Nadal, M., Vartanian, O., & Skov, M. (2017). Psychological Models of Art Reception must be Empirically Grounded. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, 36-37. [e371]. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X17001790