Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR: Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa

Søren Jeppesen, Bas Kothuis

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The article seeks to contribute to the SMEs and CSR literature in developing countries by providing; a) a ‘Southern’ SME perspective, which includes the voices of managers and workers, b) a perspective of CSR, which opens up to informal CSR practices that SMEs undertake, and c) an analysis of the key institutional issues affecting the CSR practices of SMEs. It presents perceptions of CSR practices among 21 SMEs in the garment industry in South Africa, based on 40 interviews with managers and 19 interviews with workers through the use of qualitative and quantitative interview frameworks. It highlights a high degree of similarities between managers and workers, though knowledge of (cognitive level) the concept ‘CSR’ differ considerably. Informal practices are widespread and of key importance to the SMEs, expressed by managers and workers alike. History, industry and manager-workers relations are found to be important factors in explaining the CSR perceptions and level of practices. It is suggested that future research investigate the role of informal practices further and explore the role of institutional theory.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2014
    Number of pages23
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventThe 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014: Globalization and Sustainability of SMEs in Emerging Economies - Whitesands Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of
    Duration: 29 May 201430 May 2014
    Conference number: 14
    https://udsm.ac.tz/node/210

    Conference

    ConferenceThe 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014
    Number14
    LocationWhitesands Hotel
    CountryTanzania, United Republic of
    CityDar es Salaam
    Period29/05/201430/05/2014
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • SME managers and workers
    • Formal and informal CSR practices
    • Institutional theory
    • Garment industry
    • South Africa

    Cite this

    Jeppesen, S., & Kothuis, B. (2014). Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR: Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa. Paper presented at The 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of.
    Jeppesen, Søren ; Kothuis, Bas. / Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR : Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa. Paper presented at The 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of.23 p.
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    abstract = "The article seeks to contribute to the SMEs and CSR literature in developing countries by providing; a) a ‘Southern’ SME perspective, which includes the voices of managers and workers, b) a perspective of CSR, which opens up to informal CSR practices that SMEs undertake, and c) an analysis of the key institutional issues affecting the CSR practices of SMEs. It presents perceptions of CSR practices among 21 SMEs in the garment industry in South Africa, based on 40 interviews with managers and 19 interviews with workers through the use of qualitative and quantitative interview frameworks. It highlights a high degree of similarities between managers and workers, though knowledge of (cognitive level) the concept ‘CSR’ differ considerably. Informal practices are widespread and of key importance to the SMEs, expressed by managers and workers alike. History, industry and manager-workers relations are found to be important factors in explaining the CSR perceptions and level of practices. It is suggested that future research investigate the role of informal practices further and explore the role of institutional theory.",
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    Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR : Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa. / Jeppesen, Søren; Kothuis, Bas.

    2014. Paper presented at The 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR

    T2 - Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa

    AU - Jeppesen, Søren

    AU - Kothuis, Bas

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - The article seeks to contribute to the SMEs and CSR literature in developing countries by providing; a) a ‘Southern’ SME perspective, which includes the voices of managers and workers, b) a perspective of CSR, which opens up to informal CSR practices that SMEs undertake, and c) an analysis of the key institutional issues affecting the CSR practices of SMEs. It presents perceptions of CSR practices among 21 SMEs in the garment industry in South Africa, based on 40 interviews with managers and 19 interviews with workers through the use of qualitative and quantitative interview frameworks. It highlights a high degree of similarities between managers and workers, though knowledge of (cognitive level) the concept ‘CSR’ differ considerably. Informal practices are widespread and of key importance to the SMEs, expressed by managers and workers alike. History, industry and manager-workers relations are found to be important factors in explaining the CSR perceptions and level of practices. It is suggested that future research investigate the role of informal practices further and explore the role of institutional theory.

    AB - The article seeks to contribute to the SMEs and CSR literature in developing countries by providing; a) a ‘Southern’ SME perspective, which includes the voices of managers and workers, b) a perspective of CSR, which opens up to informal CSR practices that SMEs undertake, and c) an analysis of the key institutional issues affecting the CSR practices of SMEs. It presents perceptions of CSR practices among 21 SMEs in the garment industry in South Africa, based on 40 interviews with managers and 19 interviews with workers through the use of qualitative and quantitative interview frameworks. It highlights a high degree of similarities between managers and workers, though knowledge of (cognitive level) the concept ‘CSR’ differ considerably. Informal practices are widespread and of key importance to the SMEs, expressed by managers and workers alike. History, industry and manager-workers relations are found to be important factors in explaining the CSR perceptions and level of practices. It is suggested that future research investigate the role of informal practices further and explore the role of institutional theory.

    KW - SME managers and workers

    KW - Formal and informal CSR practices

    KW - Institutional theory

    KW - Garment industry

    KW - South Africa

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Jeppesen S, Kothuis B. Providing Southern Perspectives on CSR: Investigating Formal and Informal CSR Practices and the Views of Managers and Workers in SME Garment Companies in South Africa. 2014. Paper presented at The 14th International Conference of African Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development. ICAESB 2014, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of.