Product Innovation Capability, Export Scope and Export Experience: Quadratic and Moderating Effects in Firms from Developing Countries

Maja Arslanagic-Kalajdzic*, Bernardo Balboni, Selma Kadic-Maglajlic, Guido Bortoluzzi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Purpose: By applying the logic of the resource-based view and process-based internationalisation theory, this study aims to provide a better understanding of the effects of product innovation capability on the export scope of firms based in developing countries and the role of export experience as a facilitating mechanism. Design/methodology/approach: Using survey data obtained from three developing countries, two main research hypotheses were empirically tested: a quadratic relationship exists between product innovation capability and export scope and export experience has a moderating effect in this relationship. Findings: Product innovation capability and export scope have a U-shaped relationship, and export experience exerts a moderating effect. The greater the export experience is, the more the relationship between product innovation and export scope changes, taking on a more inverted U-shaped form. Practical implications: Firms based in developing countries need to catch-up on innovation capabilities before being able to succeed in international markets. Managers must be aware that initial investments in product innovation could not pay off immediately and that significant additional efforts might be needed to obtain noteworthy results in terms of international expansion. Originality/value: This study is among the first to focus on the curvilinear relationship between product innovation capability and export scope for firms based in developing countries while accounting for the moderating role of firms’ export experience.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Business Review
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)680-696
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Developing countries
  • Export experience
  • Export scope
  • Product innovation capability

Cite this