Preserving Job Matches during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Firm-level evidence on the Role of Government Aid

Morten Bennedsen, Birthe Larsen, Ian Schmutte, Daniela Scur

Research output: Working paperResearch

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We analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and government policies on firms’ aid takeup, layoff and furlough decisions. We collect new survey data for 10,642 small, medium and large Danish firms, and match to government records of all aid-supported furloughed workers during the pandemic as well as administrative accounting data. This is the first representative sample of firms reporting the pandemic’s impact on their revenue and labor choices, showing a steep decline in revenue and a strong reported effect of labor aid take-up on lower job separations. Relative to a normal year, 30 percent more firms have experienced revenue declines. Comparing firms’ actual layoff and furlough decisions to their reported counterfactual decisions in the absence of aid, we estimate 81,000 fewer workers were laid off and 285,000 workers were furloughed. Our results suggest the aid policy was effective in preserving job matches at the start of the pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEssen
PublisherGlobal Labor Organization (GLO)
Number of pages33
Publication statusPublished - 2020
SeriesGLO Discussion Paper
SeriesOccasional Paper / Centre for Economic Performance


  • COVID-19
  • Aid packages
  • Firm labor responses

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