Preschool Child Care and Child Well-Being in Germany: Does the Migrant Experience Differ?

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Because the value of preschool child care is under intensive debate among both policy-makers and society in general, this paper analyzes the relation between preschool care and the well-being of children and adolescents in Germany. It specifically examines differences in outcomes based on child socioeconomic background by focusing on the heterogeneous effects for migrant children. Our findings, based on data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey of Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), suggest that children who have experienced child care have a slightly lower well-being overall. For migrant children, however, the outcomes indicate a positive relation. These results remain robust after controlling for selection into child care on observables and using an instrumental variable approach to address potential endogeneity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1367-1390
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Published online: 4. February 2019


  • Child care
  • Migrants
  • Preschool
  • Well-being
  • Education inequality

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