Poverty and Vote Buying: Survey-based Evidence from Africa

Peter Sandholt Jensen, Mogens Kamp Justesen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalElectoral Studies
    Volume33
    Pages (from-to)220-232
    Number of pages13
    ISSN0261-3794
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

    Cite this

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    title = "Poverty and Vote Buying: Survey-based Evidence from Africa",
    abstract = "Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates.",
    keywords = "Vote buying, Afrobarometer, New democracies; Poverty, Africa, Elections",
    author = "Jensen, {Peter Sandholt} and Justesen, {Mogens Kamp}",
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    Poverty and Vote Buying : Survey-based Evidence from Africa. / Jensen, Peter Sandholt; Justesen, Mogens Kamp.

    In: Electoral Studies, Vol. 33, 03.2014, p. 220-232.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    T2 - Survey-based Evidence from Africa

    AU - Jensen, Peter Sandholt

    AU - Justesen, Mogens Kamp

    PY - 2014/3

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    N2 - Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates.

    AB - Alongside the spread of democracy in the developing world, vote buying has emerged as an integral part of election campaigns. Yet, we know little about the causes of vote buying in young democracies. In this paper, we analyse the sources of vote buying in sub-Saharan African. Using data from the Afrobarometer, we focus on the impact of poverty on vote buying at the individual- and country-level. Results from multilevel regressions show that poor voters are significantly more likely to be targets of vote buying than wealthier voters. This effect increases when elections are highly competitive. Thus, micro-level poverty seems to be an important source of vote buying in Africa and has major implications for the way electoral democracy operates.

    KW - Vote buying

    KW - Afrobarometer

    KW - New democracies; Poverty

    KW - Africa

    KW - Elections

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