Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish: An HPSG Approach

Stefan Müller, Bjarne Ørsnes

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper deals with expletives that are inserted into clauses for structural
    reasons. We will focus on the Germanic languages Danish, German,
    and Yiddish. In Danish and Yiddish expletives are inserted in preverbal position
    in certain wh clauses: For Danish such an insertion is necessary when
    the subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertive
    clauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause.
    If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive is
    inserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. In
    addition to the embedded wh clauses, declarative V2 clauses also allow the
    insertion of an expletive. In Danish the expletive fills the subject position
    and is not necessarily fronted. In German and Yiddish the expletive has to
    occur in fronted position. In contrast to Danish and Yiddish, German does
    not insert expletives in wh clauses. They are inserted only into declarative
    V2 clauses in order to fulfill the V2 requirement without having to front another
    constituent. In this paper we try to provide an account that captures the
    comonnalities between the three languages while being able to account for
    the differences.
    This paper deals with expletives that are inserted into clauses for structural
    reasons. We will focus on the Germanic languages Danish, German,
    and Yiddish. In Danish and Yiddish expletives are inserted in preverbal position
    in certain wh clauses: For Danish such an insertion is necessary when
    the subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertive
    clauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause.
    If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive is
    inserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. In
    addition to the embedded wh clauses, declarative V2 clauses also allow the
    insertion of an expletive. In Danish the expletive fills the subject position
    and is not necessarily fronted. In German and Yiddish the expletive has to
    occur in fronted position. In contrast to Danish and Yiddish, German does
    not insert expletives in wh clauses. They are inserted only into declarative
    V2 clauses in order to fulfill the V2 requirement without having to front another
    constituent. In this paper we try to provide an account that captures the
    comonnalities between the three languages while being able to account for
    the differences.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference
    EditorsStefan Müller
    Place of PublicationStanford, Ca
    PublisherCSLI Publications
    Date2011
    Pages167-187
    StatePublished - 2011
    EventThe 18th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar - , Denmark
    Duration: 22 Aug 201125 Aug 2011
    Conference number: 18

    Conference

    ConferenceThe 18th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
    Number18
    CountryDenmark
    Period22/08/201125/08/2011
    SeriesInternational Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Proceedings
    Volume19
    ISSN1535-1793

    Cite this

    Müller, S., & Ørsnes, B. (2011). Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish: An HPSG Approach. In S. Müller (Ed.), Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference (pp. 167-187). Stanford, Ca: CSLI Publications. International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Proceedings, Vol.. 19
    Müller, Stefan ; Ørsnes, Bjarne. / Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish : An HPSG Approach. Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference. editor / Stefan Müller. Stanford, Ca : CSLI Publications, 2011. pp. 167-187 (International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Proceedings, ???volume??? 19).
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    title = "Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish: An HPSG Approach",
    abstract = "This paper deals with expletives that are inserted into clauses for structuralreasons. We will focus on the Germanic languages Danish, German,and Yiddish. In Danish and Yiddish expletives are inserted in preverbal positionin certain wh clauses: For Danish such an insertion is necessary whenthe subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertiveclauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause.If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive isinserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. Inaddition to the embedded wh clauses, declarative V2 clauses also allow theinsertion of an expletive. In Danish the expletive fills the subject positionand is not necessarily fronted. In German and Yiddish the expletive has tooccur in fronted position. In contrast to Danish and Yiddish, German doesnot insert expletives in wh clauses. They are inserted only into declarativeV2 clauses in order to fulfill the V2 requirement without having to front anotherconstituent. In this paper we try to provide an account that captures thecomonnalities between the three languages while being able to account forthe differences.",
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    pages = "167--187",
    editor = "Stefan M{\"u}ller",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference",
    publisher = "CSLI Publications",
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    Müller, S & Ørsnes, B 2011, Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish: An HPSG Approach. in S Müller (ed.), Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference. CSLI Publications, Stanford, Ca, International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Proceedings, vol. 19, pp. 167-187, Denmark, 22/08/2011.

    Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish : An HPSG Approach. / Müller, Stefan; Ørsnes, Bjarne.

    Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference. ed. / Stefan Müller. Stanford, Ca : CSLI Publications, 2011. p. 167-187.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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    N2 - This paper deals with expletives that are inserted into clauses for structuralreasons. We will focus on the Germanic languages Danish, German,and Yiddish. In Danish and Yiddish expletives are inserted in preverbal positionin certain wh clauses: For Danish such an insertion is necessary whenthe subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertiveclauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause.If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive isinserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. Inaddition to the embedded wh clauses, declarative V2 clauses also allow theinsertion of an expletive. In Danish the expletive fills the subject positionand is not necessarily fronted. In German and Yiddish the expletive has tooccur in fronted position. In contrast to Danish and Yiddish, German doesnot insert expletives in wh clauses. They are inserted only into declarativeV2 clauses in order to fulfill the V2 requirement without having to front anotherconstituent. In this paper we try to provide an account that captures thecomonnalities between the three languages while being able to account forthe differences.

    AB - This paper deals with expletives that are inserted into clauses for structuralreasons. We will focus on the Germanic languages Danish, German,and Yiddish. In Danish and Yiddish expletives are inserted in preverbal positionin certain wh clauses: For Danish such an insertion is necessary whenthe subject is locally extracted from an SVO configuration in non-assertiveclauses. In Yiddish wh clauses are formed from a wh phrase and a V2 clause.If no element would be fronted in the embedded V2 clause, an expletive isinserted in non-assertive clauses in order to meet the V3 requirement. Inaddition to the embedded wh clauses, declarative V2 clauses also allow theinsertion of an expletive. In Danish the expletive fills the subject positionand is not necessarily fronted. In German and Yiddish the expletive has tooccur in fronted position. In contrast to Danish and Yiddish, German doesnot insert expletives in wh clauses. They are inserted only into declarativeV2 clauses in order to fulfill the V2 requirement without having to front anotherconstituent. In this paper we try to provide an account that captures thecomonnalities between the three languages while being able to account forthe differences.

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    Müller S, Ørsnes B. Positional Expletives in Danish, German, and Yiddish: An HPSG Approach. In Müller S, editor, Proceedings of the HPSG 2011 Conference. Stanford, Ca: CSLI Publications. 2011. p. 167-187. (International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Proceedings, Vol. 19).