Policy for Sustainable Entrepreneurship: A Crowdsourced Framework

Rosina Watson, Kristian Roed Nielsen, Christine Mera, Hugh Wilson, Emma Macdonald, Lucia A. Reisch, Stefan Hemel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Sustainable entrepreneurship–entrepreneurship with social and ecological gains as well as economic ones–can significantly address societal and environmental challenges. However, it is not clear how policy can best support it, as there is a triple policy disconnect between the generally separate literatures on entrepreneurship policy, sustainability policy and innovation policy. The authors develop a policy framework for sustainable entrepreneurship, using open innovation with entrepreneurs, business executives, academics and policymakers via an online crowdsourcing event involving 150 participants. Through inductive analysis of 1,696 textual contributions to the event, policy measures are identified which are clustered into six policy areas or ‘channels:’ education; networks; diffusion mechanisms; measuring impact; funding; and innovation in policymaking. Primary contributions to entrepreneurship policy literature are in the areas of diffusion mechanisms impact measurement, funding for impact and innovation in policymaking. Also, traditional entrepreneurship policy areas of education, networks and funding are found to have an indirect influence on the supply of sustainable entrepreneurs though raising awareness and skills, providing practical and emotional support to entrepreneurs, and enabling funding and resources to be prioritized to ventures seeking to achieve positive social and environmental impacts. Contributions to sustainability policy literature include the need to empower individuals as entrepreneurs, not just as consumers. An innovative method for crowdsourcing policy recommendations is outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Seventy-ninth Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management
EditorsGuclu Atinc
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationBriar Cliff Manor, NY
PublisherAcademy of Management
Publication date2019
Article number13545
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2019: Understanding the Inclusive Organization - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Aug 201913 Aug 2019
Conference number: 79


ConferenceThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address
SeriesAcademy of Management Proceedings

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