Policies to Promote User Innovation: Evidence from Swedish Hospitals on the Effects of Access to Makerspaces on Innovation by Clinicians

Peter Svensson, Rasmus Koss Hartmann

Research output: Working paperResearch

Abstract

As it becomes apparent that users are an important source in innovation in society and in individual organizations, scholars are realizing that user-directed innovation policy may contribute to improving social welfare. How such policy might be designed, however, is uncertain, as are the costs and benefits of such policies. As a first empirical step to understanding such policies, this paper reports on the results of providing hospital clinicians with access to ‘makerspaces’, i.e. staffed facilities with prototyping tools and the expertise in using them. Findings suggest that almost all innovations developed in the makerspaces are user innovations; that the potential returns from the first 56 innovations developed in the makerspaces are 30-80 times the required investment; and that most of the innovations would not have been developed without access to makerspaces. Yet owing to lack of diffusion, only a limited share of potential returns is realized. This suggests that provision of makerspaces, at least in healthcare contexts, is a tremendously effective form of user-supporting innovation policy both from an organizational and societal perspective, but also that it might need to be supplemented with other policies directed at overcoming barriers to diffusion if optimal social welfare is to be realized.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationCambridge, MA
PublisherMIT Sloan School of Management
Number of pages33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2015
SeriesMIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper
Number5151-15

Keywords

  • Innovation
  • Innovation policy
  • User innovation
  • Healthcare
  • Clinicians
  • Makerspaces

Cite this

Svensson, P., & Hartmann, R. K. (2015). Policies to Promote User Innovation: Evidence from Swedish Hospitals on the Effects of Access to Makerspaces on Innovation by Clinicians. Cambridge, MA: MIT Sloan School of Management. MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper, No. 5151-15 https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2701983
Svensson, Peter ; Hartmann, Rasmus Koss. / Policies to Promote User Innovation : Evidence from Swedish Hospitals on the Effects of Access to Makerspaces on Innovation by Clinicians. Cambridge, MA : MIT Sloan School of Management, 2015. (MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper; No. 5151-15).
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Policies to Promote User Innovation : Evidence from Swedish Hospitals on the Effects of Access to Makerspaces on Innovation by Clinicians. / Svensson, Peter; Hartmann, Rasmus Koss.

Cambridge, MA : MIT Sloan School of Management, 2015.

Research output: Working paperResearch

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