Poker Phases: Draw, Stud and Hold’Em as Play-forms of Capitalism

Ole Bjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The subject of the article is the history of poker. It explores how different structural variations of the game have evolved and how different types of poker have been dominant at different periods in history. There are three main forms of poker: Draw, Stud and Hold’Em. In the article, it is demonstrated how the three forms emerge and become the most popular form of poker at three different periods in history. It identifies structural homologies between the historical development of poker and key elements in the manifestation of capitalism at different times in history
Original languageEnglish
JournalEphemera: Theory & politics in organization
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)450-465
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Poker
  • History
  • Capitalism

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