Place Branding in Systems of Place: On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places

Sebastian Zenker, Mikael Andéhn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The pervasive managerial logic of branding has established a stable foothold in the context of place management. Yet the question of whether places, such as cities, regions and nations, can be effectively managed using marketing techniques remains elusive, as place brands and company brands have been observed to differ in various ways. A key characteristic of this difference is the possibility of a company brand of being created from scratch and having its associations and characteristics carefully tailored to suit the needs of its authors. While the control of a company brand can easily be lost and its meaning relies on a reading of the brand by anyone receiving its message, the control that can be exerted over which meaning is attributed to a company brand appears almost absolute when compared to a place brand. A place is a brand often long before it is formally branded. A place brand – like a city, region or nation brand – is per definition attached to a system of geographical abstractions in quasi-cartographic form in which each city, region or nation is understood in relation and contrast to other geographical entities. For those who seek to alter perceptions about a place, this presents a challenge, since the role of a place in this system of geographical abstractions constitutes a piece of information more vital than any other in defining the place. Our understanding of places cannot be separated from their scale, and any effort at managing the reputation and meaning of a certain place will be interpreted in an unintended way due to interrelations between these abstract representations. For instance, a particular region is likely to be seen as part of a bigger context – for instance, the nation. Most of the time, the nation is in turn also part of a higher-order place (e.g. the European Union or Africa). Using the example of nation branding for Sudan and Slovenia, one can identify supranational places such as “sub-Saharan Africa” or “Eastern Europe”, carrying their own highly salient and often negative meaning in much of the Western world. We explore how association to a system of place is thought to influence the prospects of branding campaigns and introduce and discuss how reassociation can serve as means of mitigation of negative supranational belongingness. In doing so, we discuss also the challenges of interregional branding in this regard, where perceptions of two (or more) different nations interfere.
The pervasive managerial logic of branding has established a stable foothold in the context of place management. Yet the question of whether places, such as cities, regions and nations, can be effectively managed using marketing techniques remains elusive, as place brands and company brands have been observed to differ in various ways. A key characteristic of this difference is the possibility of a company brand of being created from scratch and having its associations and characteristics carefully tailored to suit the needs of its authors. While the control of a company brand can easily be lost and its meaning relies on a reading of the brand by anyone receiving its message, the control that can be exerted over which meaning is attributed to a company brand appears almost absolute when compared to a place brand. A place is a brand often long before it is formally branded. A place brand – like a city, region or nation brand – is per definition attached to a system of geographical abstractions in quasi-cartographic form in which each city, region or nation is understood in relation and contrast to other geographical entities. For those who seek to alter perceptions about a place, this presents a challenge, since the role of a place in this system of geographical abstractions constitutes a piece of information more vital than any other in defining the place. Our understanding of places cannot be separated from their scale, and any effort at managing the reputation and meaning of a certain place will be interpreted in an unintended way due to interrelations between these abstract representations. For instance, a particular region is likely to be seen as part of a bigger context – for instance, the nation. Most of the time, the nation is in turn also part of a higher-order place (e.g. the European Union or Africa). Using the example of nation branding for Sudan and Slovenia, one can identify supranational places such as “sub-Saharan Africa” or “Eastern Europe”, carrying their own highly salient and often negative meaning in much of the Western world. We explore how association to a system of place is thought to influence the prospects of branding campaigns and introduce and discuss how reassociation can serve as means of mitigation of negative supranational belongingness. In doing so, we discuss also the challenges of interregional branding in this regard, where perceptions of two (or more) different nations interfere.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationInter-Regional Place Branding : Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions
EditorsSebastian Zenker, Björn P. Jacobsen
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Date2015
Pages25-37
Chapter3
ISBN (Print)9783319153285
ISBN (Electronic)9783319153292
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

    Cite this

    Zenker, S., & Andéhn, M. (2015). Place Branding in Systems of Place: On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places. In S. Zenker, & B. P. Jacobsen (Eds.), Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions (pp. 25-37). Cham: Springer Science+Business Media. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15329-2_3
    Zenker, Sebastian ; Andéhn, Mikael. / Place Branding in Systems of Place : On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places. Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. editor / Sebastian Zenker ; Björn P. Jacobsen. Cham : Springer Science+Business Media, 2015. pp. 25-37
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    abstract = "The pervasive managerial logic of branding has established a stable foothold in the context of place management. Yet the question of whether places, such as cities, regions and nations, can be effectively managed using marketing techniques remains elusive, as place brands and company brands have been observed to differ in various ways. A key characteristic of this difference is the possibility of a company brand of being created from scratch and having its associations and characteristics carefully tailored to suit the needs of its authors. While the control of a company brand can easily be lost and its meaning relies on a reading of the brand by anyone receiving its message, the control that can be exerted over which meaning is attributed to a company brand appears almost absolute when compared to a place brand. A place is a brand often long before it is formally branded. A place brand – like a city, region or nation brand – is per definition attached to a system of geographical abstractions in quasi-cartographic form in which each city, region or nation is understood in relation and contrast to other geographical entities. For those who seek to alter perceptions about a place, this presents a challenge, since the role of a place in this system of geographical abstractions constitutes a piece of information more vital than any other in defining the place. Our understanding of places cannot be separated from their scale, and any effort at managing the reputation and meaning of a certain place will be interpreted in an unintended way due to interrelations between these abstract representations. For instance, a particular region is likely to be seen as part of a bigger context – for instance, the nation. Most of the time, the nation is in turn also part of a higher-order place (e.g. the European Union or Africa). Using the example of nation branding for Sudan and Slovenia, one can identify supranational places such as “sub-Saharan Africa” or “Eastern Europe”, carrying their own highly salient and often negative meaning in much of the Western world. We explore how association to a system of place is thought to influence the prospects of branding campaigns and introduce and discuss how reassociation can serve as means of mitigation of negative supranational belongingness. In doing so, we discuss also the challenges of interregional branding in this regard, where perceptions of two (or more) different nations interfere.",
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    Zenker, S & Andéhn, M 2015, Place Branding in Systems of Place: On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places. in S Zenker & BP Jacobsen (eds), Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. Springer Science+Business Media, Cham, pp. 25-37. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15329-2_3

    Place Branding in Systems of Place : On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places. / Zenker, Sebastian; Andéhn, Mikael.

    Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. ed. / Sebastian Zenker; Björn P. Jacobsen. Cham : Springer Science+Business Media, 2015. p. 25-37.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

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    Zenker S, Andéhn M. Place Branding in Systems of Place: On the Interrelation of Nations and Supranational Places. In Zenker S, Jacobsen BP, editors, Inter-Regional Place Branding: Best Practices, Challenges and Solutions. Cham: Springer Science+Business Media. 2015. p. 25-37. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15329-2_3