Philanthropy as the Co-creator of the Welfare State

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This chapter studies how the relationship between democracy, citizenship and solidarity from the Danish constitution in 1849 till today had consequences for contemporary and future avenues of societal organization. Through a relational processual analytical lens of gift-giving’s reciprocity, to where a gift is given, received and reciprocated, specific attention is given to “the authorship” of the first gift. The first gift has the potential to initiate and create new rules of reciprocity and forms of relations in society and can potentially create new lines of differences in the societal organization. The rules and relations ascribed to the first gift most often re-frame, re-join and replace older lines of differences and relations into new constellations in order to gain legitimacy. This chapter shows how the battle of authorship takes place between the growing welfare state and philanthropic and voluntary organizations, simultaneously cementing their differences and enlarging their partnership. A dual movement, which by its encoding of past lines of differences over time has currently provided possibilities for both civil society as a “social fact” and a “civil” welfare state.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCivil Society : Between Concepts and Empirical Grounds
EditorsLiv Egholm, Lars Bo Kaspersen
Number of pages16
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Publication date2021
ISBN (Print)9780367340957
ISBN (Electronic)9780429323881
Publication statusPublished - 2021
SeriesRoutledge Advances In Sociology

Bibliographical note

Published November 30, 2020.

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