Paths, Punctuations and Policy Learning: Comparing Patterns of European use of Scientific Expertise during the Covid-19 Crisis

Mads Dagnis Jensen, Kennet Lynggaard*, Michael Friederich Kluth

*Corresponding author for this work

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The article examines changes in the role and position of experts in policy making in the EU member states and four additional West European mature democracies during the Covid-19 pandemic. Unique survey data is employed to establish fit with competing theoretical understandings of policy learning from three distinct approaches of historical institutionalism: path dependency, punctuated equilibrium and ideational change. Despite the gravity of the crisis and institutional variation in sample countries, surprisingly strong support for path dependency is observed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Organization Review
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)223-247
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Published online: 20 May 2022.


  • Historical institutionalism
  • Path dependency
  • Punctuated equilibrium
  • Ideational Change
  • Covid-19 politics

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