Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children: The IDEFICS Study

Juan M. Fernandez-Alvira, Theodora Mouratidou, Karin Bammann, Antje Hebestreit, Gianvincenzo Barba, Sabina Sieri, Lucia Reisch, Gabriele Eiben, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Eva Kovacs, Inge Huybrechts, Luis A. Moreno

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children.
    Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years.
    Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 % CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 % CI 1·77, 2·37).
    Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.
    Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children.
    Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years.
    Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 % CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 % CI 1·77, 2·37).
    Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalPublic Health Nutrition
    Volume16
    Issue number3
    Pages487-498
    Number of pages12
    ISSN1368-9800
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Parental Education
    • Children
    • IDEFICS Study
    • Food Consumption

    Cite this

    Fernandez-Alvira, J. M., Mouratidou, T., Bammann, K., Hebestreit, A., Barba, G., Sieri, S., ... Moreno, L. A. (2013). Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children: The IDEFICS Study. Public Health Nutrition, 16(3), 487-498. DOI: 10.1017/S136898001200290X
    Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M. ; Mouratidou, Theodora ; Bammann, Karin ; Hebestreit, Antje ; Barba, Gianvincenzo ; Sieri, Sabina ; Reisch, Lucia ; Eiben, Gabriele ; Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos ; Kovacs, Eva ; Huybrechts, Inge ; Moreno, Luis A./ Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children : The IDEFICS Study. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 487-498
    @article{b51c633522ac40b5b96bd38193a8842f,
    title = "Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children: The IDEFICS Study",
    abstract = "Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children.Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years.Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 {\%} CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 {\%} CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 {\%} CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 {\%} CI 1·77, 2·37).Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.",
    keywords = "Parental education, Children, IDEFICS study, Food consumption, Parental Education, Children, IDEFICS Study, Food Consumption",
    author = "Fernandez-Alvira, {Juan M.} and Theodora Mouratidou and Karin Bammann and Antje Hebestreit and Gianvincenzo Barba and Sabina Sieri and Lucia Reisch and Gabriele Eiben and Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou and Eva Kovacs and Inge Huybrechts and Moreno, {Luis A.}",
    year = "2013",
    doi = "10.1017/S136898001200290X",
    language = "English",
    volume = "16",
    pages = "487--498",
    journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
    issn = "1368-9800",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
    number = "3",

    }

    Fernandez-Alvira, JM, Mouratidou, T, Bammann, K, Hebestreit, A, Barba, G, Sieri, S, Reisch, L, Eiben, G, Hadjigeorgiou, C, Kovacs, E, Huybrechts, I & Moreno, LA 2013, 'Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children: The IDEFICS Study' Public Health Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 487-498. DOI: 10.1017/S136898001200290X

    Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children : The IDEFICS Study. / Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M.; Mouratidou, Theodora; Bammann, Karin; Hebestreit, Antje; Barba, Gianvincenzo; Sieri, Sabina; Reisch, Lucia; Eiben, Gabriele; Hadjigeorgiou, Charalampos; Kovacs, Eva; Huybrechts, Inge; Moreno, Luis A.

    In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2013, p. 487-498.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children

    T2 - Public Health Nutrition

    AU - Fernandez-Alvira,Juan M.

    AU - Mouratidou,Theodora

    AU - Bammann,Karin

    AU - Hebestreit,Antje

    AU - Barba,Gianvincenzo

    AU - Sieri,Sabina

    AU - Reisch,Lucia

    AU - Eiben,Gabriele

    AU - Hadjigeorgiou,Charalampos

    AU - Kovacs,Eva

    AU - Huybrechts,Inge

    AU - Moreno,Luis A.

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children.Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years.Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 % CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 % CI 1·77, 2·37).Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.

    AB - Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children.Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years.Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P < 0·001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·47, 0·65), fruits (OR = 0·56; 95 % CI 0·48, 0·65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR = 2·23; 95 % CI 1·92, 2·59) and sugared beverages (OR = 2·01; 95 % CI 1·77, 2·37).Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.

    KW - Parental education

    KW - Children

    KW - IDEFICS study

    KW - Food consumption

    KW - Parental Education

    KW - Children

    KW - IDEFICS Study

    KW - Food Consumption

    U2 - 10.1017/S136898001200290X

    DO - 10.1017/S136898001200290X

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 16

    SP - 487

    EP - 498

    JO - Public Health Nutrition

    JF - Public Health Nutrition

    SN - 1368-9800

    IS - 3

    ER -

    Fernandez-Alvira JM, Mouratidou T, Bammann K, Hebestreit A, Barba G, Sieri S et al. Parental Education and Frequency of Food Consumption in European Children: The IDEFICS Study. Public Health Nutrition. 2013;16(3):487-498. Available from, DOI: 10.1017/S136898001200290X