Paradigms and the Political Economy of Ecopolitical Projects: Green Growth and Degrowth Compared

Hubert Buch-Hansen*, Martin B. Carstensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Competing ecopolitical projects seek to deliver answers to one of the most central questions of our time: how can the escalating climate crisis be halted? The paper asks how we may meaningfully compare ecopolitical projects that originate in fundamentally different conceptions of the type of change necessary to reach a sustainable organization of society? Using Peter Hall's paradigm approach as a starting point, the paper employs extant political economy scholarship to develop a framework that sets out four key dimensions that work as points of comparison between ecopolitical projects. The framework is applied in a comparison of the competing ecopolitical projects of green growth and degrowth to elucidate the ways in which these projects differ profoundly in terms of the extensiveness of change they envision, the actors they consider pivotal for sustainability transitions, their scientific basis and their distributional consequences.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCompetition and Change
Number of pages20
ISSN1024-5294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: January 19, 2021

Keywords

  • Capitalism
  • Climate crisis
  • Policy paradigms
  • Degrowth
  • Green growth

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