Palatable Food Consumption in Children: Interplay between (food) Reward Motivation and the Home Food Environment

Annelies De Decker, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Caroline Braet, Gabriele Eiben, Valeria Pala, Lucia A. Reisch, Stefaan De Henauw

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To understand the importance of the home food environment on unhealthy food consumption in children high in reward sensitivity, this study tested the hypothesis that the home availability of unhealthy food moderates the effect of reward sensitivity on children’s fast-food consumption frequency, exerted via food cue responsiveness. Children between 7.5 and 14 years (n = 174, 50.6% boys) reported on reward sensitivity and food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘external eating’). Their height and weight were measured. Parents reported on their children’s fast-food consumption frequency, food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘food responsiveness’), and on the home availability of unhealthy foods. Two moderated mediation models were conducted, one with the parent- and one with the child-reported food cue responsiveness as mediator. Findings suggested that with a high home availability of unhealthy foods, (a) a higher fast-food consumption frequency was found in children high in reward sensitivity and (b) the relation between reward sensitivity and the fast-food consumption frequency was mediated by external eating.
Conclusions: The findings point at the importance of the home food environment in children high in reward sensitivity. They suggest to limit the home availability of unhealthy foods.
To understand the importance of the home food environment on unhealthy food consumption in children high in reward sensitivity, this study tested the hypothesis that the home availability of unhealthy food moderates the effect of reward sensitivity on children’s fast-food consumption frequency, exerted via food cue responsiveness. Children between 7.5 and 14 years (n = 174, 50.6% boys) reported on reward sensitivity and food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘external eating’). Their height and weight were measured. Parents reported on their children’s fast-food consumption frequency, food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘food responsiveness’), and on the home availability of unhealthy foods. Two moderated mediation models were conducted, one with the parent- and one with the child-reported food cue responsiveness as mediator. Findings suggested that with a high home availability of unhealthy foods, (a) a higher fast-food consumption frequency was found in children high in reward sensitivity and (b) the relation between reward sensitivity and the fast-food consumption frequency was mediated by external eating.
Conclusions: The findings point at the importance of the home food environment in children high in reward sensitivity. They suggest to limit the home availability of unhealthy foods.
LanguageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume176
Issue number4
Pages465-474
ISSN0340-6199
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Erratum in: European Journal of Pediatrics. 2017 Jun, 176(6):833.

Keywords

  • Reward sensitivity
  • Palatable food
  • Home availability
  • Food responsiveness
  • External eating
  • Child

Cite this

De Decker, A., Verbeken, S., Sioen, I., Lippevelde, W. V., Braet, C., Eiben, G., ... De Henauw, S. (2017). Palatable Food Consumption in Children: Interplay between (food) Reward Motivation and the Home Food Environment. European Journal of Pediatrics, 176(4), 465-474. DOI: 10.1007/s00431-017-2857-4, 10.1007/s00431-017-2890-3
De Decker, Annelies ; Verbeken, Sandra ; Sioen, Isabelle ; Lippevelde, Wendy Van ; Braet, Caroline ; Eiben, Gabriele ; Pala, Valeria ; Reisch, Lucia A. ; De Henauw, Stefaan. / Palatable Food Consumption in Children : Interplay between (food) Reward Motivation and the Home Food Environment. In: European Journal of Pediatrics. 2017 ; Vol. 176, No. 4. pp. 465-474
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De Decker, A, Verbeken, S, Sioen, I, Lippevelde, WV, Braet, C, Eiben, G, Pala, V, Reisch, LA & De Henauw, S 2017, 'Palatable Food Consumption in Children: Interplay between (food) Reward Motivation and the Home Food Environment' European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 176, no. 4, pp. 465-474. DOI: 10.1007/s00431-017-2857-4, 10.1007/s00431-017-2890-3

Palatable Food Consumption in Children : Interplay between (food) Reward Motivation and the Home Food Environment. / De Decker, Annelies; Verbeken, Sandra; Sioen, Isabelle; Lippevelde, Wendy Van; Braet, Caroline; Eiben, Gabriele; Pala, Valeria; Reisch, Lucia A.; De Henauw, Stefaan.

In: European Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 176, No. 4, 2017, p. 465-474.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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