Pacific Alliance & Observer Countries: An Agenda for Cooperation

Mario Torres Jarrín, Gian Luca Gardini, Jacobo Ramirez

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

In 2011, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru launched the Pacific Alliance (PA). The initial results have been very positive and have attracted wide international interest. The potential for cooperation between the PA and its 52 observer and associate countries is enormous, but until now not fully realized.
This report by the European Institute of International Studies (EIIS), the Copenhagen Business School (CBS), Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nuremberg (FAU), and with the support of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), articulates a concrete agenda for cooperation between the PA and its observer countries. Three workshops were held in Stockholm, Copenhagen and Berlin, bringing together academics, policy makers, business and civil society, and diplomats. Four macro-areas for cooperation were identified: digitalization, entrepreneurship and SMEs, vocational education and training, and gender equality. Specific policy proposals were elaborated as follows.
In the area of digitalization: The concept that the digital transformation is not only about technology but mostly about a mindset; to advance toward a digital single market for the Pacific Alliance; the creation of a Pacific Alliance Search Engine Advertising Manager (SEA Manager); to pursue a skills for tasks approach in digital training and education; and to provide digital training through technology. Specific measures are further elaborated.
In the area of entrepreneurship and SMEs: To improve the financing system for SMEs; to improve the language skills, especially English, available to and within SMEs; to stimulate the efficient use of energy networks and supply; and to invest in the tourism sector. Specific measures are further elaborated.
In the area of Vocational Education and Training: To improve the quality of the teachers; to improve the quality of the teaching materials; to invest in the proficiency of English and other languages; and to move from a STEM to a STEAM (where A stands for Art and Humanities) approach. Specific measures are further elaborated.
Gender equality is a cross-cutting issue that affects all priority areas. The experience of Sweden, Denmark, and Germany can serve as a reference for specific cooperation projects.
These policy proposals are accompanied by institutional recommendations to facilitate the cooperation between the PA and the observer countries: To grant the OECD the role of “Strategic Advisor for cooperation between the PA and its observer countries”; to set up a Support Group of Independent Experts to assist in the design and implementation of a cooperation agenda between the PA and the observer countries; to consider a Pacific Alliance-Mercosur Framework Agreement; and to consider a Framework Agreement and a Political Dialogue Mechanism between the Pacific Alliance and the European Union.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationParis
PublisherOrganisation for Economic Cooporation and Development, OECD
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2018
SeriesGlobal Policy Perspective Report

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