Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods

Thomas J. Howard, Anja Maier, Balder Onarheim, Morten Friis-Olivarius

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper reports an experiment on the topic design fixation using 12 teams of masters students working on three design problems from (Jansson and Smith 1991). The objective of the experiment is to determine the effectiveness of two interventions to help overcome fixation on example solutions. The first intervention consisted of educating each team on the phenomena and effects of design fixation. The results showed that this intervention reduced the number of fixation elements in comparison to the control group (p=0.025). The second intervention involved using Dix et als' (2006) 'Bad Ideas' method during a final design task. The results showed that the method did not help the teams as it caused the fixation ratio to increase and the number of ideas per team to decrease. In addition to the above mentioned interventions, the experiment also revealed a negative correlation between the number of ideas produced per group and the groups' fixation ratios, adding to the quantity breads novelty debate. Finally, the study also provided further evidence of the hypothesis by Agogué et al (2011) that example solutions constructed from restrictive partitions have a greater fixation affect.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED
EditorsUdo Lindemann, Srinivasan Venkataraman, Yong Se Kim, Sang Won Lee, Petra Badke-Schaub, Keiichi Sato
Number of pages10
Volume7
Place of PublicationSomerset
PublisherDesign Society
Publication date2013
Pages139-148
ISBN (Print)9781904670506
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event The 19th International Conference on Engineering Design. ICED 13 - Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 19 Aug 201322 Aug 2013
Conference number: 19
http://www.iced13.org

Conference

Conference The 19th International Conference on Engineering Design. ICED 13
Number19
LocationSungkyunkwan University
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period19/08/201322/08/2013
Internet address
SeriesICED
VolumeDS75-07
ISSN2220-4334

Cite this

Howard, T. J., Maier, A., Onarheim, B., & Friis-Olivarius, M. (2013). Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods. In U. Lindemann, S. Venkataraman, Y. S. Kim, S. W. Lee, P. Badke-Schaub, & K. Sato (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED (Vol. 7, pp. 139-148). Somerset : Design Society. ICED, Vol.. DS75-07
Howard, Thomas J. ; Maier, Anja ; Onarheim, Balder ; Friis-Olivarius, Morten. / Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED. editor / Udo Lindemann ; Srinivasan Venkataraman ; Yong Se Kim ; Sang Won Lee ; Petra Badke-Schaub ; Keiichi Sato. Vol. 7 Somerset : Design Society, 2013. pp. 139-148 (ICED, Vol. DS75-07).
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abstract = "This paper reports an experiment on the topic design fixation using 12 teams of masters students working on three design problems from (Jansson and Smith 1991). The objective of the experiment is to determine the effectiveness of two interventions to help overcome fixation on example solutions. The first intervention consisted of educating each team on the phenomena and effects of design fixation. The results showed that this intervention reduced the number of fixation elements in comparison to the control group (p=0.025). The second intervention involved using Dix et als' (2006) 'Bad Ideas' method during a final design task. The results showed that the method did not help the teams as it caused the fixation ratio to increase and the number of ideas per team to decrease. In addition to the above mentioned interventions, the experiment also revealed a negative correlation between the number of ideas produced per group and the groups' fixation ratios, adding to the quantity breads novelty debate. Finally, the study also provided further evidence of the hypothesis by Agogu{\'e} et al (2011) that example solutions constructed from restrictive partitions have a greater fixation affect.",
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Howard, TJ, Maier, A, Onarheim, B & Friis-Olivarius, M 2013, Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods. in U Lindemann, S Venkataraman, YS Kim, SW Lee, P Badke-Schaub & K Sato (eds), Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED. vol. 7, Design Society, Somerset , ICED, vol. DS75-07, pp. 139-148, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 19/08/2013.

Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods. / Howard, Thomas J.; Maier, Anja; Onarheim, Balder; Friis-Olivarius, Morten.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED. ed. / Udo Lindemann; Srinivasan Venkataraman; Yong Se Kim; Sang Won Lee; Petra Badke-Schaub; Keiichi Sato. Vol. 7 Somerset : Design Society, 2013. p. 139-148 (ICED, Vol. DS75-07).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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AU - Howard, Thomas J.

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AU - Onarheim, Balder

AU - Friis-Olivarius, Morten

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper reports an experiment on the topic design fixation using 12 teams of masters students working on three design problems from (Jansson and Smith 1991). The objective of the experiment is to determine the effectiveness of two interventions to help overcome fixation on example solutions. The first intervention consisted of educating each team on the phenomena and effects of design fixation. The results showed that this intervention reduced the number of fixation elements in comparison to the control group (p=0.025). The second intervention involved using Dix et als' (2006) 'Bad Ideas' method during a final design task. The results showed that the method did not help the teams as it caused the fixation ratio to increase and the number of ideas per team to decrease. In addition to the above mentioned interventions, the experiment also revealed a negative correlation between the number of ideas produced per group and the groups' fixation ratios, adding to the quantity breads novelty debate. Finally, the study also provided further evidence of the hypothesis by Agogué et al (2011) that example solutions constructed from restrictive partitions have a greater fixation affect.

AB - This paper reports an experiment on the topic design fixation using 12 teams of masters students working on three design problems from (Jansson and Smith 1991). The objective of the experiment is to determine the effectiveness of two interventions to help overcome fixation on example solutions. The first intervention consisted of educating each team on the phenomena and effects of design fixation. The results showed that this intervention reduced the number of fixation elements in comparison to the control group (p=0.025). The second intervention involved using Dix et als' (2006) 'Bad Ideas' method during a final design task. The results showed that the method did not help the teams as it caused the fixation ratio to increase and the number of ideas per team to decrease. In addition to the above mentioned interventions, the experiment also revealed a negative correlation between the number of ideas produced per group and the groups' fixation ratios, adding to the quantity breads novelty debate. Finally, the study also provided further evidence of the hypothesis by Agogué et al (2011) that example solutions constructed from restrictive partitions have a greater fixation affect.

KW - Control groups

KW - Creativity

KW - Design cognition

KW - Design fixations

KW - Design method

KW - Design problems

KW - Negative correlation

KW - Number of fixations

M3 - Article in proceedings

SN - 9781904670506

VL - 7

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EP - 148

BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED

A2 - Lindemann, Udo

A2 - Venkataraman, Srinivasan

A2 - Kim, Yong Se

A2 - Lee, Sang Won

A2 - Badke-Schaub, Petra

A2 - Sato, Keiichi

PB - Design Society

CY - Somerset

ER -

Howard TJ, Maier A, Onarheim B, Friis-Olivarius M. Overcoming Design Fixation Through Education and Creativity Methods. In Lindemann U, Venkataraman S, Kim YS, Lee SW, Badke-Schaub P, Sato K, editors, Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED. Vol. 7. Somerset : Design Society. 2013. p. 139-148. (ICED, Vol. DS75-07).