Organizational Culture and Industrialization: A Revision of Hofstede's Theory of Industrialization Supported by Cases from Latin America, Africa and Germany in the 19th century

Simon Ulrik Kragh

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

    15 Downloads (Pure)


    Drawing on a revised version ofHofstede's theory ofindustrialization and cultural change contained in his explanation of individualism and collectivism, the paper proposes that countries which are in the earlier stages of industrialization have a common culture that governs organizational behaviours. In-group/out-group particularist values that have been handed over from preindustrial society tend to overlay and replace impersonal and universalistic bureaucracies and market exchange typical ofindustrial society. The paper shows how these values shape the culture of organizations in Latin America, Africa and Germany around 1850.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2014
    Number of pages26
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    Event12th EIASM Workshop on International Management. 2014 - CopenHagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark
    Duration: 23 Oct 201425 Oct 2014
    Conference number: 12


    Workshop12th EIASM Workshop on International Management. 2014
    LocationCopenHagen Business School
    Internet address


    • Culture
    • Anthropology
    • Sociology
    • Industrialization
    • Personal
    • Impersonal
    • Individualism
    • Collectivism
    • In-group/out-groups
    • Particularism
    • Nepotism

    Cite this