On Track to Biopower? Toward a Conceptual Framework for User Compliance in Digital Self-tracking

Kateryna Maltseva Reiby*, Alexander Buhmann, Christian Fieseler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Digital self-tracking technologies, such as mobile applications and wearables have become commonplace, mediating users’ fitness and health management efforts by providing performance recommendations. While digital self-tracking technologies have been welcomed by some as useful tools in users’ pursuit of healthier and happier lives, they have also drawn criticisms, especially regarding body surveillance and control stemming from their embedded performance standards. In this article, we present our study of the experiences of users who regularly but casually engage with digital self-tracking technologies in order to identify factors that affect compliance with performance standards. Based on these data we propose a conceptual framework that brings together domain involvement, domain expertise, data literacy, and the tendency to anthropomorphize technology with performance standards and discuss possible relationships between these factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInformation Society
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)117-132
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Published online: 27 January 2022.


  • Biopower
  • Digital self-tracking
  • Quantified self
  • Self-quantification

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