Multidimensional First-order Dominance Comparisons of Population Wellbeing

Channing Arndt, Nikolaj Siersbæk, Lars Peter Østerdal

Research output: Working paperResearch


In this paper, we convey the concept of first-order dominance (FOD) with particular focus on applications to multidimensional population welfare comparisons. We give an account of the fundamental equivalent definitions of FOD, illustrated with simple numerical examples.
An implementable method for detecting dominances is explained along with a bootstrapping procedure that yields additional information relative to what can be obtained from dominance comparisons alone. We discuss strengths and weaknesses of FOD, compared to other multidimensional population comparison concepts, and describe practical tools that enable the reader to easily use it.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHelsinki
PublisherWorld Institute for Development Economics Research of the United Nations University
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9789292560119
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes
SeriesWIDER Working Paper


  • Multidimensional welfare
  • Multidimensional wellbeing
  • First-order dominance

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