Motivations Guiding Public Research Funding in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy: A Synthesis

Aixa Aleman-Diaz

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A persistent tension between the autonomy of creativity and the politics of purpose surrounds discussions about science, technology and innovation over time. This conflict underlies public research investment. However, the environment surrounding public research funding has changed in the last decades making the underlying rationales more complex, heterogeneous and hybrid. The chapter explores motivations guiding PRF that over time try to explain and justify more complex realities and demands. It synthesizes relevant literature around three main motivations –creativity, purpose, and transformation– and considers them as co-exiting in national research environments. This typology departs from the classical triad of curiosity, market and mission motivations, but re-casts them in light of emergent motivations that seek to transform PRF. The chapter extends Elzinga's contribution, which took a time-based, succession approach, by exploring the types of funding motivations described in the literature and providing a discussion about recent motivations that propose transformative change.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Public Funding of Research
EditorsBenedetto Lepori, Ben Jongbloed, Diana Hicks
Number of pages17
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)9781800883079
ISBN (Electronic)9781800883086
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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