Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy: A Comparative Study

James Curran, Shanto Iyengar, Anker Brink Lund, Inka Salovaara-Moring

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This article addresses the implications of the movement towards entertainment-centred, market-driven media by comparing what is reported and what the public knows in four countries with different media systems. The different systems are public service (Denmark and Finland), a `dual' model (UK) and the market model (US). The comparison shows that public service television devotes more attention to public affairs and international news, and fosters greater knowledge in these areas, than the market model. Public service television also gives greater prominence to news, encourages higher levels of news consumption and contributes to a smaller within-nation knowledge gap between the advantaged and disadvantaged. But wider processes in society take precedence over the organization of the media in determining how much people know about public life
    This article addresses the implications of the movement towards entertainment-centred, market-driven media by comparing what is reported and what the public knows in four countries with different media systems. The different systems are public service (Denmark and Finland), a `dual' model (UK) and the market model (US). The comparison shows that public service television devotes more attention to public affairs and international news, and fosters greater knowledge in these areas, than the market model. Public service television also gives greater prominence to news, encourages higher levels of news consumption and contributes to a smaller within-nation knowledge gap between the advantaged and disadvantaged. But wider processes in society take precedence over the organization of the media in determining how much people know about public life
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Communication
    Volume24
    Issue number1
    Pages5-26
    Number of pages22
    ISSN0267-3231
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2009

    Cite this

    Curran, James ; Iyengar, Shanto ; Lund, Anker Brink ; Salovaara-Moring, Inka. / Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy : A Comparative Study. In: European Journal of Communication. 2009 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 5-26
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    author = "James Curran and Shanto Iyengar and Lund, {Anker Brink} and Inka Salovaara-Moring",
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    Media System, Public Knowledge and Democracy : A Comparative Study. / Curran, James; Iyengar, Shanto; Lund, Anker Brink; Salovaara-Moring, Inka.

    In: European Journal of Communication, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2009, p. 5-26.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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