Measuring Research Performance During a Changing Relationship Between Science and Society

Erik Ernø-Kjølhede, Finn Hansson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This article analyses the emergence of problem-oriented, so-called Mode 2 research as a supplement to disciplinary-oriented Mode 1 research. Developments in research are compared with research policy developments, focusing on the use of performance indicator tools from new public management. Two examples from Denmark and the UK describe how this thinking has gained ground in the overall
management of the allocation of basic funds for university research. Based on the analysis of examples and research policy developments, the article argues that existing indicators are lagging behind and
need to be updated as they do not adequately reflect the politically desired Mode 2 features of the public research system. Consequently, there is a need to develop and implement new Mode 2 indicators
for measuring and managing public research. In conclusion, the article suggests possible new indicators of Mode 2-oriented research. These indicators need to be further developed and can be seen as an
agenda for further research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch Evaluation
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)131-143
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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