Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: A European Perspective

Wencke Gwozdz, Alfonso Sousa-Poza, Lucia Reisch, Wolfgang Ahrens, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Juan M. Fernández-Alvira, Charalampos Hadjigeorgiou, Eva Kovács, Fabio Lauria, Toomas Veidebaum, Garrath Williams, Karin Bammann

    Research output: Working paperResearch

    Abstract

    The substantial increase in female employment rates in Europe over the past two decades has often been linked in political and public rhetoric to negative effects on child development, including obesity. We analyse this association between maternal employment and childhood obesity using rich objective reports of various anthropometric and other measures of fatness from the IDEFICS study of children aged 2-9 in 16 regions of eight European countries. Based on such data as accelerometer measures and information from nutritional diaries, we also investigate the effects of maternal employment on obesity's main drivers: calorie intake and physical activity. Our analysis provides little evidence for any association between maternal employment and childhood obesity, diet or physical activity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationBonn
    PublisherIZA
    Number of pages38
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
    SeriesIZA Discussion Paper
    Number7371

    Keywords

    • Maternal Emplyment
    • Children
    • Obesity
    • Europe

    Cite this

    Gwozdz, W., Sousa-Poza, A., Reisch, L., Ahrens, W., Henauw, S. D., Eiben, G., Fernández-Alvira, J. M., Hadjigeorgiou, C., Kovács, E., Lauria, F., Veidebaum, T., Williams, G., & Bammann, K. (2013). Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: A European Perspective. IZA. IZA Discussion Paper, No. 7371 http://ftp.iza.org/dp7371.pdf