Match Rigging and the Career Concerns of Referees

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This paper contributes to the literature on career concerns and corruption by drawing on extensive information on the performance of referees and records from Calciopoli, a judicial inquiry carried out in 2006 on corruption in the Italian football league. Unlike previous studies, we can analyse in detail the assignment of the referees to the most important matches, which is an important step in their career. Moreover, we can relate this choice to the performance of referees in previous matches and the evaluations they received in this context. We find that referees involved in match rigging were promoted to top games and that their evaluation was not negatively affected by their involvement in documented episodes of match rigging.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLabour Economics
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)349-359
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011


  • Corruption
  • Career Concerns
  • Grading of Referees
  • Professional Sport Industry
  • Sequential Probit Model

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