Mapping a Circular Business Opportunity in Electric Vehicle Battery Value Chain: A Multi-Stakeholder Framework to Create a win–win–win Situation

Koteshwar Chirumalla*, Lizbeth Guerrero Reyes, Reza Toorajipour*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Electric vehicle (EV) batteries provide new business opportunities through circularity, but identifying these opportunities requires multi-stakeholder collaboration considering the interests of stakeholders, the environment, and society. However, circular business model frameworks to support and guide firms in identifying and mapping multidirectional value in the early phases of designing new circular business models are lacking. Thus, this research proposes a framework that could support stakeholders in the EV battery value chain in identifying and mapping circular business opportunities and multidirectional value among stakeholders in order to generate a win–win–win situation in the value-creation process. The proposed framework for multi-stakeholder circular business model innovation consists of four phases—namely, initiation, ideation, testing, and implementation—subdivided into eight steps to address key challenges facing firms and encourage discussions on shared values and visions among all stakeholders in the early phases of designing the circular business model.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Business Research
Pages (from-to)569-582
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Published online: 18 March 2022.


  • Battery second life
  • Circular business model design
  • Circular business model innovation
  • Ecosystem collaboration
  • EV batteries
  • Sustainable business model

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