Research shows that early internationalization is more likely when founders have international and business-related experience. But what if experience was obtained in other ways? We study the scientist-founders of 149 academic spin-offs (ASOs), using cognition theory to argue for a curvilinear relationship between breadth of pre-founding R&D collaboration and internationalization timing. Our longitudinal study combines survey and patent data to show that increased breadth of collaboration with international scientists increases and then decreases the likelihood of early internationalization. The results are similar but less robust for collaboration with industry partners. Our findings suggest that studies on experience in new venture internationalization underestimate the role of R&D collaboration and the research-based heritage of many new firms.
|Journal||Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice|
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Dec 2022|
Bibliographical noteEpub ahead of print. Published online: December 29, 2022.
- Early internationalization
- R&D collaboration
- International new venture
- Academic spin-off
- Cognitive load
- Cognitive diversity