Leverage Aversion and Risk Parity

Clifford Asness, Andrea Frazzini, Lasse Heje Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The authors show that leverage aversion changes the predictions of modern portfolio theory: Safer assets must offer higher risk-adjusted returns than riskier assets. Consuming the high risk-adjusted returns of safer assets requires leverage, creating an opportunity for investors with the ability to apply leverage. Risk parity portfolios exploit this opportunity by equalizing the risk allocation across asset classes, thus overweighting safer assets relative to their weight in the market portfolio.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFinancial Analysts Journal
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)47-59
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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