Layers of Love: Exploring the Interactive Layers of Brand Love in the Social Media Setting

Kaisa Aro*, Kati Suomi, Richard Gyrd-Jones

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Purpose: This study aims to add to the understanding of the interactive nature of brand love by using a multilayer perspective that incorporates individual, group and societal contexts.

Design/methodology/approach: The qualitative empirical study uses abductive reasoning. Its theories and conclusions are grounded in naturally occurring data from an online brand community. The approach revealed new interactive processes of brand love.

Findings: This study extends our understanding of the interactive nature of brand love by adopting a layered perspective incorporating micro- (individual), meso- (in-group), macro- (in-group vs out-group) and mega-layer (societal) social dynamics that complements the predominant focus on individual psychological processes. It challenges the linear, monodirectional trajectory approach to brand love, suggesting that brand love is in constant flux as individuals move across the layers in their identification with the brand.

Research limitations/implications: This study provides data from one destination brand in Finland. Future studies could consider other types of brands and contexts in other countries and cultures.

Practical implications: This study shows brand managers that brand lovers can be divided into subgroups with distinct drivers of their love to which brand managers should attend.

Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first attempt to describe the interactive nature of brand love through interactions between and within four layers of brand love. Furthermore, this study enhances our understanding of the contradictory aspects of brand love.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Marketing
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)87-110
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Brand love
  • Brand relationships
  • Interactions
  • Destination brand
  • Destination brand love
  • Social media
  • WOM

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