Labour in Global Production Networks: A Comparative Study of Workers Conditions in Football Manufacturing in China, India and Pakistan

Peter Lund-Thomsen, Khalid Nadvi, Anita Chan, Navjote Khara, Hong Xue

    Research output: Working paperResearch

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    A critical challenge facing developing country producers is to meet international labour standards and codes of conduct in order to engage in global production networks. Evidence of gains for workers from compliance with such standards and codes remains limited and patchy.
    This paper focuses on the global football industry, a sector dominated by leading global brands who manage dispersed global production networks. It assesses the work conditions for football stitchers engaged in different forms of work organisation, factories, stitching centres, and home-based settings, in Pakistan, India, and China. It draws on detailed qualitative primary field research with football stitching workers and producers in these three countries.
    The paper explains how, and why, work conditions of football stitchers differ across these locations through an analytical framework that interweaves both global and local production contexts that influence work condition. In doing so, it argues that current debates on the role of labour in global production networks have to go beyond a narrow focus on labour standards and CSR compliance and engage with economic, technological and social upgrading as factors that could generate sustained improvements in real wages and workers conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationFrederiksberg
    PublisherCenter for Corporate Social Responsibility, CBS
    Number of pages28
    ISBN (Print)9788792114235
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2011
    SeriesCSR and Business in Society: CBS Working Paper Series

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