Labor Agency in the Football Manufacturing Industry of Sialkot, Pakistan

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The globalization of markets and the increased outsourcing of production have given rise to global production networks (GPNs) linking internationally branded companies in the West to vast networks of suppliers, contractors and workers in developing countries and countries in transition. However, the literature on GPNs has only recently begun to pay more detailed attention to conceptualizing the role that labor plays in such networks. This article makes a contribution to the emerging literature on labor agency in GPNs by arguing that labor agency in export-oriented industries in developing countries may be highly gendered and tends to be more constrained than facilitated by both vertical forces (the governance of GPNs) and horizontal forces (local socio-economic and labor market contexts). This is done through a case study of labor agency in the football manufacturing industry of Sialkot, Pakistan.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalGeoforum
    Volume44
    Pages (from-to)71-81
    ISSN0016-7185
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Labor Agency
    • Pakistan
    • Sialkot
    • Football Manufacturing
    • Gendered Economy
    • Global Production Networks

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