Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes?: Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study

Christina Y. Huang, Lucia Reisch, Wencke Gwozdz, Dénes Molnar, Kenn Konstabel, Nathalie Michels, Michael Tornaritis, Gabriele Eiben, Alfonso Siani, Juan M. Fernandez-Alvira, Wolfgang Ahrens, Iris Pigeot, Lauren Lissner

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: Children may influence household spending through their parents using “pester power,” where children request items
    repeatedly to persuade their parents to buy them. This study prospectively examines parent-child shopping behaviors across eight countries to identify predictors of children’s diet and weight.
    Methods: This study is part of the prospective multi-country IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyleinduced
    health effects in children and infants) study. The analysis includes 12,969 parent-child dyads with measured height and weight and parent-reported information on diet and behavior at baseline and 7,562 dyads after two years.
    Results: At baseline, most parents (60%) reported “sometimes” purchasing their children’s requests, with some differences by
    country. Children whose parents often acquiesced consumed greater proportions of sugar and fat in their diet (3.7 and 2.0 percentage points, respectively), but were not more likely to be overweight or obese. Avoiding taking the child grocery shopping because the child pushed for treats and often asking for items from television were both independently associated with higher sugar and fat diets and greater BMIs. At the two-year follow-up, children who often asked for items were more likely to become overweight (OR=1.36), while never asking for items was protective against overweight (OR=0.61) and obesity (OR=0.70).
    Conclusions: Pestering was modestly related to diet and weight. Children whose parents avoided shopping with them were heavier
    and had worse diets, which may suggest reverse causality. The relationship between asking for items from television and weight over time suggests that limiting television advertising may foster healthier outcomes.
    Purpose: Children may influence household spending through their parents using “pester power,” where children request items
    repeatedly to persuade their parents to buy them. This study prospectively examines parent-child shopping behaviors across eight countries to identify predictors of children’s diet and weight.
    Methods: This study is part of the prospective multi-country IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyleinduced
    health effects in children and infants) study. The analysis includes 12,969 parent-child dyads with measured height and weight and parent-reported information on diet and behavior at baseline and 7,562 dyads after two years.
    Results: At baseline, most parents (60%) reported “sometimes” purchasing their children’s requests, with some differences by
    country. Children whose parents often acquiesced consumed greater proportions of sugar and fat in their diet (3.7 and 2.0 percentage points, respectively), but were not more likely to be overweight or obese. Avoiding taking the child grocery shopping because the child pushed for treats and often asking for items from television were both independently associated with higher sugar and fat diets and greater BMIs. At the two-year follow-up, children who often asked for items were more likely to become overweight (OR=1.36), while never asking for items was protective against overweight (OR=0.61) and obesity (OR=0.70).
    Conclusions: Pestering was modestly related to diet and weight. Children whose parents avoided shopping with them were heavier
    and had worse diets, which may suggest reverse causality. The relationship between asking for items from television and weight over time suggests that limiting television advertising may foster healthier outcomes.

    Conference

    ConferenceThe 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA)
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Diego
    Period21/05/201424/05/2014
    Internet address

    Cite this

    Huang, C. Y., Reisch, L., Gwozdz, W., Molnar, D., Konstabel, K., Michels, N., ... Lissner, L. (2014). Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes? Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study. Poster session presented at The 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), San Diego, United States.
    Huang, Christina Y. ; Reisch, Lucia ; Gwozdz, Wencke ; Molnar, Dénes ; Konstabel, Kenn ; Michels, Nathalie ; Tornaritis, Michael ; Eiben, Gabriele ; Siani, Alfonso ; Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M. ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Pigeot, Iris ; Lissner, Lauren. / Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes? Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study. Poster session presented at The 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), San Diego, United States.1 p.
    @conference{72e075aaabd447c4b4574aa636ad7dd7,
    title = "Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes?: Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study",
    abstract = "Purpose: Children may influence household spending through their parents using “pester power,” where children request itemsrepeatedly to persuade their parents to buy them. This study prospectively examines parent-child shopping behaviors across eight countries to identify predictors of children’s diet and weight.Methods: This study is part of the prospective multi-country IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyleinducedhealth effects in children and infants) study. The analysis includes 12,969 parent-child dyads with measured height and weight and parent-reported information on diet and behavior at baseline and 7,562 dyads after two years.Results: At baseline, most parents (60{\%}) reported “sometimes” purchasing their children’s requests, with some differences bycountry. Children whose parents often acquiesced consumed greater proportions of sugar and fat in their diet (3.7 and 2.0 percentage points, respectively), but were not more likely to be overweight or obese. Avoiding taking the child grocery shopping because the child pushed for treats and often asking for items from television were both independently associated with higher sugar and fat diets and greater BMIs. At the two-year follow-up, children who often asked for items were more likely to become overweight (OR=1.36), while never asking for items was protective against overweight (OR=0.61) and obesity (OR=0.70).Conclusions: Pestering was modestly related to diet and weight. Children whose parents avoided shopping with them were heavierand had worse diets, which may suggest reverse causality. The relationship between asking for items from television and weight over time suggests that limiting television advertising may foster healthier outcomes.",
    author = "Huang, {Christina Y.} and Lucia Reisch and Wencke Gwozdz and D{\'e}nes Molnar and Kenn Konstabel and Nathalie Michels and Michael Tornaritis and Gabriele Eiben and Alfonso Siani and Fernandez-Alvira, {Juan M.} and Wolfgang Ahrens and Iris Pigeot and Lauren Lissner",
    year = "2014",
    language = "English",
    note = "null ; Conference date: 21-05-2014 Through 24-05-2014",
    url = "http://isbnpa2014.org/Default.aspx",

    }

    Huang, CY, Reisch, L, Gwozdz, W, Molnar, D, Konstabel, K, Michels, N, Tornaritis, M, Eiben, G, Siani, A, Fernandez-Alvira, JM, Ahrens, W, Pigeot, I & Lissner, L 2014, 'Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes? Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study', San Diego, United States, 21/05/2014 - 24/05/2014, .

    Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes? Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study. / Huang, Christina Y.; Reisch, Lucia; Gwozdz, Wencke; Molnar, Dénes; Konstabel, Kenn; Michels, Nathalie; Tornaritis, Michael; Eiben, Gabriele; Siani, Alfonso; Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M.; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Pigeot, Iris; Lissner, Lauren.

    2014. Poster session presented at The 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), San Diego, United States.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearchpeer-review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes?

    T2 - Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study

    AU - Huang,Christina Y.

    AU - Reisch,Lucia

    AU - Gwozdz,Wencke

    AU - Molnar,Dénes

    AU - Konstabel,Kenn

    AU - Michels,Nathalie

    AU - Tornaritis,Michael

    AU - Eiben,Gabriele

    AU - Siani,Alfonso

    AU - Fernandez-Alvira,Juan M.

    AU - Ahrens,Wolfgang

    AU - Pigeot,Iris

    AU - Lissner,Lauren

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Purpose: Children may influence household spending through their parents using “pester power,” where children request itemsrepeatedly to persuade their parents to buy them. This study prospectively examines parent-child shopping behaviors across eight countries to identify predictors of children’s diet and weight.Methods: This study is part of the prospective multi-country IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyleinducedhealth effects in children and infants) study. The analysis includes 12,969 parent-child dyads with measured height and weight and parent-reported information on diet and behavior at baseline and 7,562 dyads after two years.Results: At baseline, most parents (60%) reported “sometimes” purchasing their children’s requests, with some differences bycountry. Children whose parents often acquiesced consumed greater proportions of sugar and fat in their diet (3.7 and 2.0 percentage points, respectively), but were not more likely to be overweight or obese. Avoiding taking the child grocery shopping because the child pushed for treats and often asking for items from television were both independently associated with higher sugar and fat diets and greater BMIs. At the two-year follow-up, children who often asked for items were more likely to become overweight (OR=1.36), while never asking for items was protective against overweight (OR=0.61) and obesity (OR=0.70).Conclusions: Pestering was modestly related to diet and weight. Children whose parents avoided shopping with them were heavierand had worse diets, which may suggest reverse causality. The relationship between asking for items from television and weight over time suggests that limiting television advertising may foster healthier outcomes.

    AB - Purpose: Children may influence household spending through their parents using “pester power,” where children request itemsrepeatedly to persuade their parents to buy them. This study prospectively examines parent-child shopping behaviors across eight countries to identify predictors of children’s diet and weight.Methods: This study is part of the prospective multi-country IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyleinducedhealth effects in children and infants) study. The analysis includes 12,969 parent-child dyads with measured height and weight and parent-reported information on diet and behavior at baseline and 7,562 dyads after two years.Results: At baseline, most parents (60%) reported “sometimes” purchasing their children’s requests, with some differences bycountry. Children whose parents often acquiesced consumed greater proportions of sugar and fat in their diet (3.7 and 2.0 percentage points, respectively), but were not more likely to be overweight or obese. Avoiding taking the child grocery shopping because the child pushed for treats and often asking for items from television were both independently associated with higher sugar and fat diets and greater BMIs. At the two-year follow-up, children who often asked for items were more likely to become overweight (OR=1.36), while never asking for items was protective against overweight (OR=0.61) and obesity (OR=0.70).Conclusions: Pestering was modestly related to diet and weight. Children whose parents avoided shopping with them were heavierand had worse diets, which may suggest reverse causality. The relationship between asking for items from television and weight over time suggests that limiting television advertising may foster healthier outcomes.

    M3 - Poster

    ER -

    Huang CY, Reisch L, Gwozdz W, Molnar D, Konstabel K, Michels N et al. Is Children’s Pestering for Food Purchases Related to Diet and Weight Outcomes? Evidence from the Multi-country IDEFICS Study. 2014. Poster session presented at The 2014 Annual Meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA), San Diego, United States.