Internet of Things Based Blockchain for Temperature Monitoring and Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Prevention

Rajani Singh, Ashutosh Dhar Dwivedi, Gautam Srivastava*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The top priority of today's healthcare system is delivering medicine directly from the manufacturer to end-user. The pharmaceutical supply chain involves some level of commingling of a collection of stakeholders such as distributors, manufacturers, wholesalers, and customers. The biggest challenge associated with this supply chain is temperature monitoring as well as counterfeit drug prevention. Many drugs and vaccines remain viable within a specific range of temperatures. If exposed beyond this temperature range, the medicine no longer works as intended. In this paper, an Internet of Things (IoT) sensor-based blockchain framework is proposed that tracks and traces drugs as they pass slowly through the entire supply chain. On the one hand, these new technologies of blockchain and IoT sensors play an essential role in supply chain management. On the other hand, they also pose new challenges of security for resource-constrained IoT devices and blockchain scalability issues to handle this IoT sensor-based information. In this paper, our primary focus is on improving classic blockchain systems to make it suitable for IoT based supply chain management, and as a secondary focus, applying these new promising technologies to enable a viable smart healthcare ecosystem through a drug supply chain.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3951
Issue number14
Number of pages23
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Scalability
  • Blockchain
  • Sensors
  • IoT
  • Security
  • Distributed network
  • Supply chain
  • Temperature monitoring

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