Internal and External Readings of Same: Evidence for a Uniform Account

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Same is an anaphoric element that performs a comparison, which can either be
external or internal to a sentence. Hardt and Mikkelsen (2015) show that same, unlike other anaphoric expressions, imposes a parallelism constraint, and they present three types of examples showing that same is infelicitous in the absence of parallelism. Hardt and Mikkelsen propose an account that applies uniformly to internal and external readings; however, the evidence they present largely targets external readings – they don’t offer empirical evidence that clearly supports the uniform approach. Furthermore, Barker (2007) argues that internal readings must be treated differently than external readings. In this paper, I show that the parallelism effects observed by Hardt and Mikkelsen in fact apply to internal readings as well. This provides support for a uniform treatment of internal and external readings of same. It also suggests that discourse relations, which typically apply to separate overt predications, also apply to the implicit predications that arise in distributional structures.
Same is an anaphoric element that performs a comparison, which can either be
external or internal to a sentence. Hardt and Mikkelsen (2015) show that same, unlike other anaphoric expressions, imposes a parallelism constraint, and they present three types of examples showing that same is infelicitous in the absence of parallelism. Hardt and Mikkelsen propose an account that applies uniformly to internal and external readings; however, the evidence they present largely targets external readings – they don’t offer empirical evidence that clearly supports the uniform approach. Furthermore, Barker (2007) argues that internal readings must be treated differently than external readings. In this paper, I show that the parallelism effects observed by Hardt and Mikkelsen in fact apply to internal readings as well. This provides support for a uniform treatment of internal and external readings of same. It also suggests that discourse relations, which typically apply to separate overt predications, also apply to the implicit predications that arise in distributional structures.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016
Number of pages13
Place of PublicationEdinburgh
Date2017
StatePublished - 2017
EventSinn und Bedeutung 21 - University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 4 Sep 20166 Sep 2016
https://sites.google.com/site/sinnundbedeutung21/

Conference

ConferenceSinn und Bedeutung 21
LocationUniversity of Edinburgh
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period04/09/201606/09/2016
Internet address

Keywords

  • Same
  • Anaphora
  • Parallelism

Cite this

Hardt, D. (2017). Internal and External Readings of Same: Evidence for a Uniform Account. In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016 Edinburgh.
Hardt, Daniel. / Internal and External Readings of Same : Evidence for a Uniform Account. Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016. Edinburgh, 2017.
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Hardt, D 2017, Internal and External Readings of Same: Evidence for a Uniform Account. in Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016. Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 04/09/2016.

Internal and External Readings of Same : Evidence for a Uniform Account. / Hardt, Daniel.

Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016. Edinburgh, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Hardt D. Internal and External Readings of Same: Evidence for a Uniform Account. In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 21, Edinburgh, September 4-6, 2016. Edinburgh. 2017.