Institutional Effects on the Presence of Trade Unions at the Workplace: Moderation in a Multilevel Setting

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Previous research has found that the presence of a union at a workplace is an important individual-level determinant of union membership. The present article, drawing on a multilevel analysis of 21 European countries, provides further evidence which nuances the conclusions of previous studies by introducing and testing institutional moderation effects. Thus, in countries with Ghent systems, having a union at workplace is less important, since probability of membership is already very high. Conversely, if there are extension mechanisms for collective agreements there is less incentive to join a trade union, and this is not compensated even when there is an active union at the workplace.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Industrial Relations
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)153-169
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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