Institutional Constraints, Legislative Activism, and Policy Change: The Case of the European Union

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    Abstract

    This paper studies how institutional constraints affect legislative activism, and how legislative activism affects policy change, analyzing the case of the European Union’s legislative process. Our argument revolves around the key role of the Commission in advancing policy change, and emphasizes that the Commission can successfully push for increased policy change by increasing its legislative activity when the institutional opportunity space widens. Using a novel panel dataset covering eight policy sectors from 1984--‐2012, we find that the number of legislative proposals significantly affects the extent of regulatory reform in the EU. The rise in the number of legislative proposal, in turn, is affected by the extent of gridlock between the EU’s legislative bodies. These findings show that the Commission steps up its legislative activity when the institutional opportunity space allows for greater policy change.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2015
    Number of pages26
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    EventThe 5th Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association - Schloss Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria
    Duration: 25 Jun 201527 Jun 2015
    Conference number: 5
    http://www.epsanet.org/general-conference-2015.html

    Conference

    ConferenceThe 5th Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association
    Number5
    LocationSchloss Schönbrunn
    CountryAustria
    CityVienna
    Period25/06/201527/06/2015
    Internet address

    Bibliographical note

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    Cite this

    Citi, M., & Justesen, M. K. (2015). Institutional Constraints, Legislative Activism, and Policy Change: The Case of the European Union. Paper presented at The 5th Annual General Conference of the European Political Science Association, Vienna, Austria.