Industry 4.0 Operationalization Based on an Integrated Framework of Industrial Digitalization and Automation

Andreas Schumacher*, Christian Schumacher, Wilfried Sihn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The utilization of Digitalization and Automation (DA) is currently one of the determining factors of increasing prosperity, productivity, and efficiency. Although widely promoted and incentivized by policy- and decision makers, industrial enterprises seem reluctant to actively push DA-development in their organizations. From a scientific point of view, we find missing operationalization resulting in a lack of analysis and understanding of basic DA-elements in real production environments as the main barrier towards Industry 4.0- and DA-implementation. Thus, in this paper we introduce a novel approach to transfer abstract Industry 4.0-concepts into industrial environments through the utilization of basic concepts of industrial digitalization and automation. Based on this framework we develop a model to assess the degree of digitalization and automation of value creation factors and organizational factors (DAVO). Knowledge about the company’s DAVO-degree enables their decision makers to derive operational Industry 4.0 target-states, define strategies thus decide targeted investments into organizational and technological developments. We applied the developed and operationalized measurement-metric and model in an empirical study in the Austrian industry assessing the DAVO-degree of 200 industrial companies. Besides insights into their maturity status, we find clear evidence in our study for the need of operationalized Industry 4.0-concepts. Furthermore, the DAVO-approach seems to encourage practitioners to reflect their organization’s DA-status with more accuracy thus enables them to derive more targeted and sustainable strategic steps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium for Production Research 2019
EditorsNuman M. Durakbasa, M. Günes Gençyilmaz
Number of pages10
Place of PublicationCham
Publication date2020
ISBN (Print)9783030313425
ISBN (Electronic)9783030313432
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventThe 23rd International Symposium for Production Research. ISPR 2019 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 28 Aug 201930 Aug 2019
Conference number: 23


ConferenceThe 23rd International Symposium for Production Research. ISPR 2019
SeriesLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering


  • Industry 4.0
  • Digitalization
  • Automation
  • Value creation processes
  • Empirical studies

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